Forum: Mikrocontroller und Digitale Elektronik AVR-USB Connection-Probleme

Autor: Thorsten2605 (Gast)

0 lesenswert
nicht lesenswert

Ich habe ein Problem mit dem AVR-USB...

Wie muss ich denn die Fusebits setzen?

Als Takt benutze ich einen Quarz mit 16MHz und habe einen Atmega8 per 
Z-Dioden an den USB-Anschluss gesetzt (genauso wie im Circuit-Beispiel).

Wenn ich jetzt die erstellte Hex-Datei in den Atmega lade (EEPROM-Datei 
ist leer?!?) und ich das ganze an den USB-Port hänge kommt dass es ein 
unbekanntes Gerät sei (Vendor und Produxt sind 0)...

Das hier ist meine USBCONFIG.h
/* Name: usbconfig.h
 * Project: AVR USB driver
 * Author: Christian Starkjohann
 * Creation Date: 2005-04-01
 * Tabsize: 4
 * Copyright: (c) 2005 by OBJECTIVE DEVELOPMENT Software GmbH
 * License: GNU GPL v2 (see License.txt) or proprietary (CommercialLicense.txt)
 * This Revision: $Id: usbconfig-prototype.h 600 2008-05-13 10:34:56Z cs $

#ifndef __usbconfig_h_included__
#define __usbconfig_h_included__

General Description:
This file is an example configuration (with inline documentation) for the USB
driver. It configures AVR-USB for USB D+ connected to Port D bit 2 (which is
also hardware interrupt 0 on many devices) and USB D- to Port D bit 4. You may
wire the lines to any other port, as long as D+ is also wired to INT0 (or any
other hardware interrupt, as long as it is the highest level interrupt, see
section at the end of this file).
+ To create your own usbconfig.h file, copy this file to your project's
+ firmware source directory) and rename it to "usbconfig.h".
+ Then edit it accordingly.

/* ---------------------------- Hardware Config ---------------------------- */

/* This is the port where the USB bus is connected. When you configure it to
 * "B", the registers PORTB, PINB and DDRB will be used.
#define USB_CFG_DMINUS_BIT      4
/* This is the bit number in USB_CFG_IOPORT where the USB D- line is connected.
 * This may be any bit in the port.
#define USB_CFG_DPLUS_BIT       2
/* This is the bit number in USB_CFG_IOPORT where the USB D+ line is connected.
 * This may be any bit in the port. Please note that D+ must also be connected
 * to interrupt pin INT0! [You can also use other interrupts, see section
 * "Optional MCU Description" below, or you can connect D- to the interrupt, as
 * it is required if you use the USB_COUNT_SOF feature. If you use D- for the
 * interrupt, the USB interrupt will also be triggered at Start-Of-Frame
 * markers every millisecond.]
#define USB_CFG_CLOCK_KHZ       (16000)
/* Clock rate of the AVR in MHz. Legal values are 12000, 15000, 16000, 16500
 * and 20000. The 16.5 MHz version of the code requires no crystal, it
 * tolerates +/- 1% deviation from the nominal frequency. All other rates
 * require a precision of 2000 ppm and thus a crystal!
 * Default if not specified: 12 MHz

/* ----------------------- Optional Hardware Config ------------------------ */

/* If you connect the 1.5k pullup resistor from D- to a port pin instead of
 * V+, you can connect and disconnect the device from firmware by calling
 * the macros usbDeviceConnect() and usbDeviceDisconnect() (see usbdrv.h).
 * This constant defines the port on which the pullup resistor is connected.
/* #define USB_CFG_PULLUP_BIT          4 */
/* This constant defines the bit number in USB_CFG_PULLUP_IOPORT (defined
 * above) where the 1.5k pullup resistor is connected. See description
 * above for details.

/* --------------------------- Functional Range ---------------------------- */

/* Define this to 1 if you want to compile a version with two endpoints: The
 * default control endpoint 0 and an interrupt-in endpoint (any other endpoint
 * number).
/* Define this to 1 if you want to compile a version with three endpoints: The
 * default control endpoint 0, an interrupt-in endpoint 3 (or the number
 * configured below) and a catch-all default interrupt-in endpoint as above.
 * You must also define USB_CFG_HAVE_INTRIN_ENDPOINT to 1 for this feature.
#define USB_CFG_EP3_NUMBER              3
/* If the so-called endpoint 3 is used, it can now be configured to any other
 * endpoint number (except 0) with this macro. Default if undefined is 3.
/* #define USB_INITIAL_DATATOKEN           USBPID_DATA1 */
/* The above macro defines the startup condition for data toggling on the
 * interrupt/bulk endpoints 1 and 3. Defaults to USBPID_DATA1.
 * Since the token is toggled BEFORE sending any data, the first packet is
 * sent with the oposite value of this configuration!
#define USB_CFG_IMPLEMENT_HALT          0
/* Define this to 1 if you also want to implement the ENDPOINT_HALT feature
 * for endpoint 1 (interrupt endpoint). Although you may not need this feature,
 * it is required by the standard. We have made it a config option because it
 * bloats the code considerably.
/* If you compile a version with endpoint 1 (interrupt-in), this is the poll
 * interval. The value is in milliseconds and must not be less than 10 ms for
 * low speed devices.
#define USB_CFG_IS_SELF_POWERED         0
/* Define this to 1 if the device has its own power supply. Set it to 0 if the
 * device is powered from the USB bus.
#define USB_CFG_MAX_BUS_POWER           100
/* Set this variable to the maximum USB bus power consumption of your device.
 * The value is in milliamperes. [It will be divided by two since USB
 * communicates power requirements in units of 2 mA.]
/* Set this to 1 if you want usbFunctionWrite() to be called for control-out
 * transfers. Set it to 0 if you don't need it and want to save a couple of
 * bytes.
/* Set this to 1 if you need to send control replies which are generated
 * "on the fly" when usbFunctionRead() is called. If you only want to send
 * data from a static buffer, set it to 0 and return the data from
 * usbFunctionSetup(). This saves a couple of bytes.
/* Define this to 1 if you want to use interrupt-out (or bulk out) endpoints.
 * You must implement the function usbFunctionWriteOut() which receives all
 * interrupt/bulk data sent to any endpoint other than 0. The endpoint number
 * can be found in 'usbRxToken'.
/* Define this to 1 if you want flowcontrol over USB data. See the definition
 * of the macros usbDisableAllRequests() and usbEnableAllRequests() in
 * usbdrv.h.
#define USB_CFG_LONG_TRANSFERS          0
/* Define this to 1 if you want to send/receive blocks of more than 254 bytes
 * in a single control-in or control-out transfer. Note that the capability
 * for long transfers increases the driver size.
/* #define USB_RX_USER_HOOK(data, len)     if(usbRxToken == (uchar)USBPID_SETUP) blinkLED(); */
/* This macro is a hook if you want to do unconventional things. If it is
 * defined, it's inserted at the beginning of received message processing.
 * If you eat the received message and don't want default processing to
 * proceed, do a return after doing your things. One possible application
 * (besides debugging) is to flash a status LED on each packet.
/* #define USB_RESET_HOOK(resetStarts)     if(!resetStarts){hadUsbReset();} */
/* This macro is a hook if you need to know when an USB RESET occurs. It has
 * one parameter which distinguishes between the start of RESET state and its
 * end.
/* #define USB_SET_ADDRESS_HOOK()              hadAddressAssigned(); */
/* This macro (if defined) is executed when a USB SET_ADDRESS request was
 * received.
#define USB_COUNT_SOF                   0
/* define this macro to 1 if you need the global variable "usbSofCount" which
 * counts SOF packets. This feature requires that the hardware interrupt is
 * connected to D- instead of D+.
/* define this macro to 1 if you want the function usbMeasureFrameLength()
 * compiled in. This function can be used to calibrate the AVR's RC oscillator.

/* -------------------------- Device Description --------------------------- */

#define  USB_CFG_VENDOR_ID       0xc0, 0x16
/* USB vendor ID for the device, low byte first. If you have registered your
 * own Vendor ID, define it here. Otherwise you use one of obdev's free shared
 * VID/PID pairs. Be sure to read USBID-License.txt for rules!
 * + This template uses obdev's shared VID/PID pair: 0x16c0/0x5dc.
 * + Use this VID/PID pair ONLY if you understand the implications!
#define  USB_CFG_DEVICE_ID       0xdc, 0x05
/* This is the ID of the product, low byte first. It is interpreted in the
 * scope of the vendor ID. If you have registered your own VID with usb.org
 * or if you have licensed a PID from somebody else, define it here. Otherwise
 * you use obdev's free shared VID/PID pair. Be sure to read the rules in
 * USBID-License.txt!
 * + This template uses obdev's shared VID/PID pair: 0x16c0/0x5dc.
 * + Use this VID/PID pair ONLY if you understand the implications!
#define USB_CFG_DEVICE_VERSION  0x00, 0x01
/* Version number of the device: Minor number first, then major number.
#define USB_CFG_VENDOR_NAME     'o', 'b', 'd', 'e', 'v', '.', 'a', 't'
/* These two values define the vendor name returned by the USB device. The name
 * must be given as a list of characters under single quotes. The characters
 * are interpreted as Unicode (UTF-16) entities.
 * If you don't want a vendor name string, undefine these macros.
 * ALWAYS define a vendor name containing your Internet domain name if you use
 * obdev's free shared VID/PID pair. See the file USBID-License.txt for
 * details.
#define USB_CFG_DEVICE_NAME     'T', 'e', 'm', 'p', 'l', 'a', 't', 'e'
/* Same as above for the device name. If you don't want a device name, undefine
 * the macros. See the file USBID-License.txt before you assign a name if you
 * use a shared VID/PID.
/*#define USB_CFG_SERIAL_NUMBER   'N', 'o', 'n', 'e' */
/*#define USB_CFG_SERIAL_NUMBER_LEN   0 */
/* Same as above for the serial number. If you don't want a serial number,
 * undefine the macros.
 * It may be useful to provide the serial number through other means than at
 * compile time. See the section about descriptor properties below for how
 * to fine tune control over USB descriptors such as the string descriptor
 * for the serial number.
#define USB_CFG_DEVICE_CLASS        0xff    /* set to 0 if deferred to interface */
/* See USB specification if you want to conform to an existing device class.
 * Class 0xff is "vendor specific".
#define USB_CFG_INTERFACE_CLASS     0   /* define class here if not at device level */
/* See USB specification if you want to conform to an existing device class or
 * protocol. The following classes must be set at interface level:
 * HID class is 3, no subclass and protocol required (but may be useful!)
 * CDC class is 2, use subclass 2 and protocol 1 for ACM
/* Define this to the length of the HID report descriptor, if you implement
 * an HID device. Otherwise don't define it or define it to 0.
 * If you use this define, you must add a PROGMEM character array named
 * "usbHidReportDescriptor" to your code which contains the report descriptor.
 * Don't forget to keep the array and this define in sync!

/* #define USB_PUBLIC static */
/* Use the define above if you #include usbdrv.c instead of linking against it.
 * This technique saves a couple of bytes in flash memory.

/* ------------------- Fine Control over USB Descriptors ------------------- */
/* If you don't want to use the driver's default USB descriptors, you can
 * provide our own. These can be provided as (1) fixed length static data in
 * flash memory, (2) fixed length static data in RAM or (3) dynamically at
 * runtime in the function usbFunctionDescriptor(). See usbdrv.h for more
 * information about this function.
 * Descriptor handling is configured through the descriptor's properties. If
 * no properties are defined or if they are 0, the default descriptor is used.
 * Possible properties are:
 *   + USB_PROP_IS_DYNAMIC: The data for the descriptor should be fetched
 *     at runtime via usbFunctionDescriptor().
 *   + USB_PROP_IS_RAM: The data returned by usbFunctionDescriptor() or found
 *     in static memory is in RAM, not in flash memory.
 *   + USB_PROP_LENGTH(len): If the data is in static memory (RAM or flash),
 *     the driver must know the descriptor's length. The descriptor itself is
 *     found at the address of a well known identifier (see below).
 * List of static descriptor names (must be declared PROGMEM if in flash):
 *   char usbDescriptorDevice[];
 *   char usbDescriptorConfiguration[];
 *   char usbDescriptorHidReport[];
 *   char usbDescriptorString0[];
 *   int usbDescriptorStringVendor[];
 *   int usbDescriptorStringDevice[];
 *   int usbDescriptorStringSerialNumber[];
 * Other descriptors can't be provided statically, they must be provided
 * dynamically at runtime.
 * Descriptor properties are or-ed or added together, e.g.:
 * The following descriptors are defined:
 *   USB_CFG_DESCR_PROPS_UNKNOWN (for all descriptors not handled by the driver)

#define USB_CFG_DESCR_PROPS_DEVICE                  0
#define USB_CFG_DESCR_PROPS_STRINGS                 0
#define USB_CFG_DESCR_PROPS_STRING_0                0
#define USB_CFG_DESCR_PROPS_HID                     0
#define USB_CFG_DESCR_PROPS_HID_REPORT              0
#define USB_CFG_DESCR_PROPS_UNKNOWN                 0

/* ----------------------- Optional MCU Description ------------------------ */

/* The following configurations have working defaults in usbdrv.h. You
 * usually don't need to set them explicitly. Only if you want to run
 * the driver on a device which is not yet supported or with a compiler
 * which is not fully supported (such as IAR C) or if you use a differnt
 * interrupt than INT0, you may have to define some of these.
/* #define USB_INTR_CFG            MCUCR */
/* #define USB_INTR_CFG_SET        ((1 << ISC00) | (1 << ISC01)) */
/* #define USB_INTR_CFG_CLR        0 */
/* #define USB_INTR_ENABLE         GIMSK */
/* #define USB_INTR_ENABLE_BIT     INT0 */
/* #define USB_INTR_PENDING        GIFR */
/* #define USB_INTR_PENDING_BIT    INTF0 */
/* #define USB_INTR_VECTOR         SIG_INTERRUPT0 */

#endif /* __usbconfig_h_included__ */

und das hier ist meine Hauptroutine:
#include <avr/io.h>
#include <avr/interrupt.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <avr/pgmspace.h>
#include <avr/eeprom.h>
#include <util/delay.h>
#include <avr/wdt.h>

#include "usbdrv.h"

static uint8_t replyBuf[8];

void avrlab_init(void)
  uint8_t i,j;
  j = 0;
  while(--j){          /* USB Reset by device only required on Watchdog Reset */
      i = 0;
      while(--i);      /* delay >10ms for USB reset */


uint8_t usbFunctionSetup(uint8_t data[8])
  uchar len = 0;
  usbMsgPtr = replyBuf;
  return len;

uint8_t usbFunctionRead( uint8_t *data, uint8_t len )
  return 0xff;

uint8_t usbFunctionWrite( uint8_t *data, uint8_t len )
  return 0xff;

int main()

  DDRC = 0;


  for (int i = 0; i <= 7; i++)
    replyBuf[i] = 0;

  while (1)

    replyBuf[1] = PORTC;  


  return 1;

Ich hoffe ihr könnt mir helfen....

Antwort schreiben

Die Angabe einer E-Mail-Adresse ist freiwillig. Wenn Sie automatisch per E-Mail über Antworten auf Ihren Beitrag informiert werden möchten, melden Sie sich bitte an.

Wichtige Regeln - erst lesen, dann posten!

  • Groß- und Kleinschreibung verwenden
  • Längeren Sourcecode nicht im Text einfügen, sondern als Dateianhang

Formatierung (mehr Informationen...)

  • [c]C-Code[/c]
  • [avrasm]AVR-Assembler-Code[/avrasm]
  • [code]Code in anderen Sprachen, ASCII-Zeichnungen[/code]
  • [math]Formel in LaTeX-Syntax[/math]
  • [[Titel]] - Link zu Artikel
  • Verweis auf anderen Beitrag einfügen: Rechtsklick auf Beitragstitel,
    "Adresse kopieren", und in den Text einfügen

Bild automatisch verkleinern, falls nötig
Bitte das JPG-Format nur für Fotos und Scans verwenden!
Zeichnungen und Screenshots im PNG- oder
GIF-Format hochladen. Siehe Bildformate.
Hinweis: der ursprüngliche Beitrag ist mehr als 6 Monate alt.
Bitte hier nur auf die ursprüngliche Frage antworten,
für neue Fragen einen neuen Beitrag erstellen.

Mit dem Abschicken bestätigst du, die Nutzungsbedingungen anzuerkennen.