Forum: Compiler & IDEs ASM und C (makefile/Einbindung)?

Autor: Martin Mörtl (Gast)

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Hallo zusammen.

Ich suche ein funktionierendes Makefile für den neuen AVR-GCC (Winavr
2003/09 release), wo .s (Assembler-Files) eingebunden werden.

Probiere schon die ganze Zeit rum und scheitere daran, das mein C-Code
die Assembler-Routine nicht findet.

Hier mal die wesentlichen Bestandteile meines Programmes, ob ich auf
dem richtig Weg bin.

Fehlermeldung ist übrigens:

==== text.c ====

#include "ata.h"
extern void ata_busy(void)



==== ata.h ====
void ata_busy(void);

==== ata.s ====
.global ata_busy

Vielen Dank
Martin Mörtl

Autor: Joerg Wunsch (Gast)

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> Ich suche ein funktionierendes Makefile für den neuen AVR-GCC
> (Winavr 2003/09 release), wo .s (Assembler-Files) eingebunden
> werden.

.S bitte (großes S), das sind die Assemblerdateien, die noch durch den
C-Präprozessor gehen.  Die mit einem kleinen s tun das nicht und
werden vorrangig dafür benutzt, den vom Compiler generierten
Assemblercode darzustellen (avr-gcc -S).

> Probiere schon die ganze Zeit rum...

Lesen ist besser als Probieren. ;-)

Komm, so schlecht sind doch die Kommentare in WinAVRs Makefile
Template nun wirklich nicht (mehr).  ASRC ist der Makro Deiner Wahl.

Ansonsten <werbung>:

Autor: Martin Mörtl (Gast)

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Danke Jörg für Deine schnelle Antwort.

Es ist wirklich gut beschrieben. Muß ich zugeben.

Jetzt stehe ich aber nochmal vor einem Problem:


Kenn mich da nicht aus.

# WinAVR Sample makefile written by Eric B. Weddington, Jörg Wunsch, et
# Released to the Public Domain
# Please read the make user manual!
# Additional material for this makefile was submitted by:
#  Tim Henigan
#  Peter Fleury
#  Reiner Patommel
#  Sander Pool
#  Frederik Rouleau
#  Markus Pfaff
# On command line:
# make all = Make software.
# make clean = Clean out built project files.
# make coff = Convert ELF to AVR COFF (for use with AVR Studio 3.x or
# make extcoff = Convert ELF to AVR Extended COFF (for use with AVR
#                4.07 or greater).
# make program = Download the hex file to the device, using avrdude.
#                customize the avrdude settings below first!
# make filename.s = Just compile filename.c into the assembler code
# To rebuild project do "make clean" then "make all".

# MCU name
MCU = atmega128

# Output format. (can be srec, ihex, binary)
FORMAT = ihex

# Target file name (without extension).
TARGET = test

# Optimization level, can be [0, 1, 2, 3, s]. 0 turns off
# (Note: 3 is not always the best optimization level. See avr-libc
OPT = s

# List C source files here. (C dependencies are automatically

# If there is more than one source file, append them above, or modify
# uncomment the following:
#SRC += foo.c bar.c

# You can also wrap lines by appending a backslash to the end of the
#SRC += baz.c \

# List Assembler source files here.
# Make them always end in a capital .S.  Files ending in a lowercase
# will not be considered source files but generated files (assembler
# output from the compiler), and will be deleted upon "make clean"!
# Even though the DOS/Win* filesystem matches both .s and .S the same,
# it will preserve the spelling of the filenames, and gcc itself does
# care about how the name is spelled on its command-line.

# List any extra directories to look for include files here.
#     Each directory must be seperated by a space.

# Optional compiler flags.
#  -g:        generate debugging information (for GDB, or for COFF
#  -O*:       optimization level
#  -f...:     tuning, see gcc manual and avr-libc documentation
#  -Wall...:  warning level
#  -Wa,...:   tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
#    -ahlms:  create assembler listing
CFLAGS = -g -O$(OPT) \
-funsigned-char -funsigned-bitfields -fpack-struct -fshort-enums \
-Wall -Wstrict-prototypes \
-Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.c=.lst) \
$(patsubst %,-I%,$(EXTRAINCDIRS))

# Set a "language standard" compiler flag.
#   Unremark just one line below to set the language standard to use.
#   gnu99 = C99 + GNU extensions. See GCC manual for more information.
#CFLAGS += -std=c89
#CFLAGS += -std=gnu89
#CFLAGS += -std=c99
CFLAGS += -std=gnu99

# Optional assembler flags.
#  -Wa,...:   tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
#  -ahlms:    create listing
#  -gstabs:   have the assembler create line number information; note
#             for use in COFF files, additional information about
#             and function names needs to be present in the assembler
#             files -- see avr-libc docs [FIXME: not yet described
ASFLAGS = -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.S=.lst),-gstabs

# Optional linker flags.
#  -Wl,...:   tell GCC to pass this to linker.
#  -Map:      create map file
#  --cref:    add cross reference to  map file
LDFLAGS = -Wl,-Map=$(TARGET).map,--cref

# Additional libraries

# Minimalistic printf version
#LDFLAGS += -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_min

# Floating point printf version (requires -lm below)
#LDFLAGS += -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_flt

# -lm = math library
LDFLAGS += -lm

# Programming support using avrdude. Settings and variables.

# Programming hardware: alf avr910 avrisp bascom bsd
# dt006 pavr picoweb pony-stk200 sp12 stk200 stk500
# Type: avrdude -c ?
# to get a full listing.

AVRDUDE_PORT = com1     # programmer connected to serial device
#AVRDUDE_PORT = lpt1  # programmer connected to parallel port



# Uncomment the following if you want avrdude's erase cycle counter.
# Note that this counter needs to be initialized first using -Yn,
# see avrdude manual.

# Uncomment the following if you do not wish a verification to be
# performed after programming the device.

# Increase verbosity level.  Please use this when submitting bug
# reports about avrdude. See
# to submit bug reports.


# Define directories, if needed.
DIRAVR = c:/winavr
DIRLIB = $(DIRAVR)/avr/lib

# Define programs and commands.
SHELL = sh

CC = avr-gcc

OBJCOPY = avr-objcopy
OBJDUMP = avr-objdump
SIZE = avr-size

# Programming support using avrdude.
AVRDUDE = avrdude

REMOVE = rm -f
COPY = cp

HEXSIZE = $(SIZE) --target=$(FORMAT) $(TARGET).hex

# Define Messages
# English
MSG_ERRORS_NONE = Errors: none
MSG_BEGIN = -------- begin --------
MSG_END = --------  end  --------
MSG_SIZE_BEFORE = Size before:
MSG_SIZE_AFTER = Size after:
MSG_COFF = Converting to AVR COFF:
MSG_EXTENDED_COFF = Converting to AVR Extended COFF:
MSG_FLASH = Creating load file for Flash:
MSG_EEPROM = Creating load file for EEPROM:
MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING = Creating Extended Listing:
MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE = Creating Symbol Table:
MSG_LINKING = Linking:
MSG_COMPILING = Compiling:
MSG_ASSEMBLING = Assembling:
MSG_CLEANING = Cleaning project:

# Define all object files.
OBJ = $(SRC:.c=.o) $(ASRC:.S=.o)

# Define all listing files.
LST = $(ASRC:.S=.lst) $(SRC:.c=.lst)

# Combine all necessary flags and optional flags.
# Add target processor to flags.
ALL_CFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. $(CFLAGS)
ALL_ASFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. -x assembler-with-cpp $(ASFLAGS)

# Default target.
all: begin gccversion sizebefore $(TARGET).elf $(TARGET).hex
$(TARGET).eep \
  $(TARGET).lss $(TARGET).sym sizeafter finished end

# Eye candy.
# AVR Studio 3.x does not check make's exit code but relies on
# the following magic strings to be generated by the compile job.
  @echo $(MSG_BEGIN)

  @echo $(MSG_ERRORS_NONE)

  @echo $(MSG_END)

# Display size of file.
  @if [ -f $(TARGET).elf ]; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_BEFORE);
$(ELFSIZE); echo; fi

  @if [ -f $(TARGET).elf ]; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_AFTER);
$(ELFSIZE); echo; fi

# Display compiler version information.
gccversion :
  @$(CC) --version

# Convert ELF to COFF for use in debugging / simulating in
# AVR Studio or VMLAB.
COFFCONVERT=$(OBJCOPY) --debugging \
  --change-section-address .data-0x800000 \
  --change-section-address .bss-0x800000 \
  --change-section-address .noinit-0x800000 \
  --change-section-address .eeprom-0x810000

coff: $(TARGET).elf
  @echo $(MSG_COFF) $(TARGET).cof
  $(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-avr $< $(TARGET).cof

extcoff: $(TARGET).elf
  @echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_COFF) $(TARGET).cof
  $(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-ext-avr $< $(TARGET).cof

# Program the device.
program: $(TARGET).hex $(TARGET).eep

# Create final output files (.hex, .eep) from ELF output file.
%.hex: %.elf
  @echo $(MSG_FLASH) $@
  $(OBJCOPY) -O $(FORMAT) -R .eeprom $< $@

%.eep: %.elf
  @echo $(MSG_EEPROM) $@
  -$(OBJCOPY) -j .eeprom --set-section-flags=.eeprom="alloc,load" \
  --change-section-lma .eeprom=0 -O $(FORMAT) $< $@

# Create extended listing file from ELF output file.
%.lss: %.elf
  $(OBJDUMP) -h -S $< > $@

# Create a symbol table from ELF output file.
%.sym: %.elf
  @echo $(MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE) $@
  avr-nm -n $< > $@

# Link: create ELF output file from object files.
%.elf: $(OBJ)
  @echo $(MSG_LINKING) $@
  $(CC) $(ALL_CFLAGS) $(OBJ) --output $@ $(LDFLAGS)

# Compile: create object files from C source files.
%.o : %.c
  @echo $(MSG_COMPILING) $<
  $(CC) -c $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@

# Compile: create assembler files from C source files.
%.s : %.c
  $(CC) -S $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@

# Assemble: create object files from assembler source files.
%.o : %.S
  @echo $(MSG_ASSEMBLING) $<
  $(CC) -c $(ALL_ASFLAGS) $< -o $@

# Target: clean project.
clean: begin clean_list finished end

clean_list :
  @echo $(MSG_CLEANING)
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).hex
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).eep
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).obj
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).cof
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).elf
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).map
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).obj
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).a90
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).sym
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).lnk
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).lss
  $(REMOVE) $(OBJ)
  $(REMOVE) $(LST)
  $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.s)
  $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.d)

# Automatically generate C source code dependencies.
# (Code originally taken from the GNU make user manual and modified
# (See README.txt Credits).)
# Note that this will work with sh (bash) and sed that is shipped with
# (see the SHELL variable defined above).
# This may not work with other shells or other seds.
%.d: %.c
  set -e; $(CC) -MM $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< \
  | sed 's,\(.*\)\.o[ :]*,\1.o \1.d : ,g' > $@; \
  [ -s $@ ] || rm -f $@

# Remove the '-' if you want to see the dependency files generated.
-include $(SRC:.c=.d)

# Listing of phony targets.
.PHONY : all begin finish end sizebefore sizeafter gccversion coff
extcoff \
  clean clean_list program

Autor: Joerg Wunsch (Gast)

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ATA.S?  Ich denke ata.S?

Sonst sehe ich eigentlich keinen Fehler.

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Formatierung (mehr Informationen...)

  • [c]C-Code[/c]
  • [avrasm]AVR-Assembler-Code[/avrasm]
  • [code]Code in anderen Sprachen, ASCII-Zeichnungen[/code]
  • [math]Formel in LaTeX-Syntax[/math]
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