mikrocontroller.net

Forum: Compiler & IDEs Makefile Uart Korrekt?


Autor: Theo (Gast)
Datum:

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hi,
ist der ausschnitt korrekt?:

F_CPU = 7372800

BAUD = 9600L

UBRR_VAL = ((F_CPU+BAUD*8)/(BAUD*16)-1)   // clever runden
BAUD_REAL = (F_CPU/(16*(UBRR_VAL+1)))     // Reale Baudrate
BAUD_ERROR = ((BAUD_REAL*1000)/BAUD-1000) // Fehler in Promille

Autor: Falk Brunner (falk)
Datum:

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@ Theo (Gast)

>ist der ausschnitt korrekt?:

Nein.

>F_CPU = 7372800

Hier fehlt das L am Ende.

Und wieso ins Makefile? das kommt einfach in den Quelltext, so wie im 
Tutorial, wo du es herkopiert hast.

MFG
Falk

Autor: Theo (Gast)
Datum:

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und wiso schreib ich den Takt in das makefile und den rest nicht?


Building target “Make” of project “GTR” with configuration “Development” 
— (10 errors)
      cd /Users/tuxianer/GTR
    setenv ACTION
    setenv APPLE_INTERNAL_DEVELOPER_DIR /AppleInternal/Developer
    setenv APPLE_INTERNAL_DIR /AppleInternal
    setenv APPLE_INTERNAL_DOCUMENTATION_DIR /AppleInternal/Documentation
    setenv APPLE_INTERNAL_LIBRARY_DIR /AppleInternal/Library
    setenv APPLE_INTERNAL_TOOLS /AppleInternal/Developer/Tools
    setenv BUILD_COMPONENTS "headers build"
    setenv BUILD_DIR /Users/tuxianer/GTR/build
    setenv BUILD_ROOT /Users/tuxianer/GTR/build
    setenv BUILD_STYLE Development
    setenv BUILD_VARIANTS normal
    setenv BUILT_PRODUCTS_DIR /Users/tuxianer/GTR/build/Development
    setenv CC /usr/bin/cc
    setenv CLASS_FILE_DIR 
/Users/tuxianer/GTR/build/GTR.build/Development/Make.build/JavaClasses
    setenv CLONE_HEADERS NO
    setenv CONFIGURATION Development
    setenv CONFIGURATION_BUILD_DIR /Users/tuxianer/GTR/build/Development
    setenv CONFIGURATION_TEMP_DIR 
/Users/tuxianer/GTR/build/GTR.build/Development
    setenv COPY_PHASE_STRIP NO
    setenv DEBUGGING_SYMBOLS YES
    setenv DERIVED_FILES_DIR
    setenv DERIVED_FILE_DIR 
/Users/tuxianer/GTR/build/GTR.build/Development/Make.build/DerivedSource 
s
    setenv DERIVED_SOURCES_DIR 
/Users/tuxianer/GTR/build/GTR.build/Development/Make.build/DerivedSource 
s
    setenv DEVELOPMENT_LANGUAGE English
    setenv DO_HEADER_SCANNING_IN_JAM NO
    setenv DSTROOT /tmp/GTR.dst
    setenv ENABLE_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES YES
    setenv FILE_LIST 
/Users/tuxianer/GTR/build/GTR.build/Development/Make.build/Objects/LinkF 
ileList
    setenv FRAMEWORK_VERSION A
    setenv GCC3_VERSION 3.3
    setenv GCC_DYNAMIC_NO_PIC NO
    setenv GCC_GENERATE_DEBUGGING_SYMBOLS YES
    setenv GCC_OPTIMIZATION_LEVEL 0
    setenv GROUP tuxianer
    setenv HEADERMAP_INCLUDES_FLAT_ENTRIES_FOR_TARGET_BEING_BUILT YES
    setenv HEADERMAP_INCLUDES_FRAMEWORK_ENTRIES_FOR_ALL_PRODUCT_TYPES 
YES
    setenv HEADERMAP_INCLUDES_NONPUBLIC_NONPRIVATE_HEADERS YES
    setenv HEADERMAP_INCLUDES_PROJECT_HEADERS YES
    setenv INSTALL_DIR "/tmp/GTR.dst/(INSTALL_PATH)"
    setenv INSTALL_GROUP tuxianer
    setenv INSTALL_MODE_FLAG a-w,a+rX
    setenv INSTALL_OWNER tuxianer
    setenv INSTALL_ROOT /tmp/GTR.dst
    setenv JAVA_APP_STUB 
/System/Library/Frameworks/JavaVM.framework/Resources/MacOS/JavaApplicat 
ionStub
    setenv JAVA_ARCHIVE_CLASSES YES
    setenv JAVA_ARCHIVE_TYPE JAR
    setenv JAVA_COMPILER /usr/bin/javac
    setenv JAVA_FRAMEWORK_RESOURCES_DIRS Resources
    setenv JAVA_JAR_FLAGS cv
    setenv JAVA_SOURCE_SUBDIR .
    setenv JAVA_USE_DEPENDENCIES YES
    setenv JAVA_ZIP_FLAGS -urg
    setenv LOCAL_ADMIN_APPS_DIR /Applications/Utilities
    setenv LOCAL_APPS_DIR /Applications
    setenv LOCAL_DEVELOPER_DIR /Library/Developer
    setenv LOCAL_LIBRARY_DIR /Library
    setenv NATIVE_ARCH i386
    setenv OBJECT_FILE_DIR 
/Users/tuxianer/GTR/build/GTR.build/Development/Make.build/Objects
    setenv OBJROOT /Users/tuxianer/GTR/build
    setenv OPTIMIZATION_LEVEL 0
    setenv OS MACOS
    setenv PATH "/sw/bin/:/usr/local/bin/:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/sbin"
    setenv PATH_PREFIXES_EXCLUDED_FROM_HEADER_DEPENDENCIES "/usr/include 
/usr/local/include /System/Library/Frameworks 
/System/Library/PrivateFrameworks /Developer/Headers"
    setenv PRODUCT_NAME Make
    setenv PROFILING_CODE NO
    setenv PROJECT GTR
    setenv PROJECT_DERIVED_FILE_DIR 
/Users/tuxianer/GTR/build/GTR.build/DerivedSources
    setenv PROJECT_DIR /Users/tuxianer/GTR
    setenv PROJECT_FILE_PATH /Users/tuxianer/GTR/GTR.xcodeproj
    setenv PROJECT_NAME GTR
    setenv PROJECT_TEMP_DIR /Users/tuxianer/GTR/build/GTR.build
    setenv REMOVE_CVS_FROM_RESOURCES YES
    setenv REMOVE_SVN_FROM_RESOURCES YES
    setenv SDKROOT
    setenv SHARED_DERIVED_FILE_DIR 
/Users/tuxianer/GTR/build/Development/DerivedSources
    setenv SOURCE_ROOT /Users/tuxianer/GTR
    setenv SRCROOT /Users/tuxianer/GTR
    setenv STRIP_INSTALLED_PRODUCT YES
    setenv SYMROOT /Users/tuxianer/GTR/build
    setenv SYSTEM_ADMIN_APPS_DIR /Applications/Utilities
    setenv SYSTEM_APPS_DIR /Applications
    setenv SYSTEM_CORE_SERVICES_DIR /System/Library/CoreServices
    setenv SYSTEM_DEMOS_DIR /Applications/Extras
    setenv SYSTEM_DEVELOPER_APPS_DIR /Developer/Applications
    setenv SYSTEM_DEVELOPER_DEMOS_DIR 
"/Developer/Applications/Utilities/Built Examples"
    setenv SYSTEM_DEVELOPER_DIR /Developer
    setenv SYSTEM_DEVELOPER_DOC_DIR "/Developer/ADC Reference Library"
    setenv SYSTEM_DEVELOPER_GRAPHICS_TOOLS_DIR 
"/Developer/Applications/Graphics Tools"
    setenv SYSTEM_DEVELOPER_JAVA_TOOLS_DIR "/Developer/Applications/Java 
Tools"
    setenv SYSTEM_DEVELOPER_PERFORMANCE_TOOLS_DIR 
"/Developer/Applications/Performance Tools"
    setenv SYSTEM_DEVELOPER_RELEASENOTES_DIR "/Developer/ADC Reference 
Library/releasenotes"
    setenv SYSTEM_DEVELOPER_TOOLS /Developer/Tools
    setenv SYSTEM_DEVELOPER_TOOLS_DOC_DIR "/Developer/ADC Reference 
Library/documentation/DeveloperTools"
    setenv SYSTEM_DEVELOPER_TOOLS_RELEASENOTES_DIR "/Developer/ADC 
Reference Library/releasenotes/DeveloperTools"
    setenv SYSTEM_DEVELOPER_UTILITIES_DIR 
/Developer/Applications/Utilities
    setenv SYSTEM_DOCUMENTATION_DIR /Library/Documentation
    setenv SYSTEM_LIBRARY_DIR /System/Library
    setenv TARGETNAME Make
    setenv TARGET_BUILD_DIR /Users/tuxianer/GTR/build/Development
    setenv TARGET_NAME Make
    setenv TARGET_TEMP_DIR 
/Users/tuxianer/GTR/build/GTR.build/Development/Make.build
    setenv TEMP_DIR 
/Users/tuxianer/GTR/build/GTR.build/Development/Make.build
    setenv TEMP_FILES_DIR
    setenv TEMP_FILE_DIR 
/Users/tuxianer/GTR/build/GTR.build/Development/Make.build
    setenv TEMP_ROOT /Users/tuxianer/GTR/build
    setenv USER tuxianer
    setenv USER_APPS_DIR /Users/tuxianer/Applications
    setenv USER_LIBRARY_DIR /Users/tuxianer/Library
    setenv XCODE_APP_SUPPORT_DIR "/Library/Application 
Support/Apple/Developer Tools"
    /usr/bin/make

-------- begin --------
avr-gcc (GCC) 4.1.1
Copyright (C) 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is 
NO
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR 
PURPOSE.




ich bekomme nun die errors:

In function 'main':
error: 'UBRRH' undeclared (first use in this function)
error: (Each undeclared identifier is reported only once
error: for each function it appears in.)
error: invalid suffix "LUL" on integer constant
error: 'UBRRL' undeclared (first use in this function)
error: invalid suffix "LUL" on integer constant
error: 'USR1C' undeclared (first use in this function)
error: 'URSEL' undeclared (first use in this function)
error: 'USBS' undeclared (first use in this function)
error: 'UCSZ1' undeclared (first use in this function)
error: 'UCSZ0' undeclared (first use in this function)
error: 'USR0C' undeclared (first use in this function)

Autor: Flo S. (tuxianer)
Datum:

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mist hier war noch der Name von nem Freund drinne, der hier was 
geschrieben hat. Jetzt kann ichs nicht edieren. Das ganze oben ist 
quatsch!

um die errors geht es:




In function 'main':
error: 'UBRRH' undeclared (first use in this function)
error: (Each undeclared identifier is reported only once
error: for each function it appears in.)
error: invalid suffix "LUL" on integer constant
error: 'UBRRL' undeclared (first use in this function)
error: invalid suffix "LUL" on integer constant
error: 'USR1C' undeclared (first use in this function)
error: 'URSEL' undeclared (first use in this function)
error: 'USBS' undeclared (first use in this function)
error: 'UCSZ1' undeclared (first use in this function)
error: 'UCSZ0' undeclared (first use in this function)
error: 'USR0C' undeclared (first use in this function)

Autor: Falk Brunner (falk)
Datum:

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@ Florentin S. (tuxianer)

>um die errors geht es:

Da fehlt das inlcude von
#include <avr/io.h>

MFG
Falk

Autor: Flo S. (tuxianer)
Datum:

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das ist ja drin das ist es ja. Ich bin leider absoluter Neuling in 
avr-gcc.

hier mal die .c:
#include <avr/io.h>
#include <avr/interrupt.h>
#include <inttypes.h>

#define BAUD 9600L                // Baudrate, das L am Ende ist wichtig, NICHT UL verwenden!
 
#define UBRR_VAL ((F_CPU+BAUD*8)/(BAUD*16)-1)   // clever runden
#define BAUD_REAL (F_CPU/(16*(UBRR_VAL+1)))     // Reale Baudrate
#define BAUD_ERROR ((BAUD_REAL*1000)/BAUD-1000) // Fehler in Promille



int temp, Data, Count;

int main (void) {

    UBRRH = UBRR_VAL >> 8;
    UBRRL = UBRR_VAL & 0xFF;
    
  USR1C |= (1<<URSEL)|(1<<USBS)|(1<<UCSZ1)|(1<<UCSZ0);
  USR0C |= (1<<URSEL)|(1<<USBS)|(1<<UCSZ1)|(1<<UCSZ0);
  

  UCSR1B |= (1<<RXCIE)|(1<<RXEN)|(1<<TXEN); 
  UCSR1B |= (1<<RXCIE)|(1<<RXEN)|(1<<TXEN);
  
  sei();
  
    
}



und das makefile:

# Hey Emacs, this is a -*- makefile -*-
#----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# WinAVR Makefile Template written by Eric B. Weddington, Jˆrg Wunsch, et al.
#
# Released to the Public Domain
#
# Additional material for this makefile was written by:
# Peter Fleury
# Tim Henigan
# Colin O'Flynn
# Reiner Patommel
# Markus Pfaff
# Sander Pool
# Frederik Rouleau
#
#----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# On command line:
#
# make all = Make software.
#
# make clean = Clean out built project files.
#
# make coff = Convert ELF to AVR COFF.
#
# make extcoff = Convert ELF to AVR Extended COFF.
#
# make program = Download the hex file to the device, using avrdude.
#                Please customize the avrdude settings below first!
#
# make debug = Start either simulavr or avarice as specified for debugging, 
#              with avr-gdb or avr-insight as the front end for debugging.
#
# make filename.s = Just compile filename.c into the assembler code only.
#
# make filename.i = Create a preprocessed source file for use in submitting
#                   bug reports to the GCC project.
#
# To rebuild project do "make clean" then "make all".
#----------------------------------------------------------------------------


# MCU name
MCU = atmega162


# Processor frequency.
#     This will define a symbol, F_CPU, in all source code files equal to the 
#     processor frequency. You can then use this symbol in your source code to 
#     calculate timings. Do NOT tack on a 'UL' at the end, this will be done
#     automatically to create a 32-bit value in your source code.
F_CPU = 7372800L

# Output format. (can be srec, ihex, binary)
FORMAT = ihex


# Target file name (without extension).
TARGET = GTR


# List C source files here. (C dependencies are automatically generated.)
#SRC += ADC.c 
SRC += $(TARGET).c


# List Assembler source files here.
#     Make them always end in a capital .S.  Files ending in a lowercase .s
#     will not be considered source files but generated files (assembler
#     output from the compiler), and will be deleted upon "make clean"!
#     Even though the DOS/Win* filesystem matches both .s and .S the same,
#     it will preserve the spelling of the filenames, and gcc itself does
#     care about how the name is spelled on its command-line.
ASRC = 


# Optimization level, can be [0, 1, 2, 3, s]. 
#     0 = turn off optimization. s = optimize for size.
#     (Note: 3 is not always the best optimization level. See avr-libc FAQ.)
OPT = s


# Debugging format.
#     Native formats for AVR-GCC's -g are dwarf-2 [default] or stabs.
#     AVR Studio 4.10 requires dwarf-2.
#     AVR [Extended] COFF format requires stabs, plus an avr-objcopy run.
DEBUG = stabs


# List any extra directories to look for include files here.
#     Each directory must be seperated by a space.
#     Use forward slashes for directory separators.
#     For a directory that has spaces, enclose it in quotes.
EXTRAINCDIRS = 


# Compiler flag to set the C Standard level.
#     c89   = "ANSI" C
#     gnu89 = c89 plus GCC extensions
#     c99   = ISO C99 standard (not yet fully implemented)
#     gnu99 = c99 plus GCC extensions
CSTANDARD = -std=gnu99


# Place -D or -U options here
CDEFS = -DF_CPU=$(F_CPU)UL 


# Place -I options here
CINCS =



#---------------- Compiler Options ----------------
#  -g*:          generate debugging information
#  -O*:          optimization level
#  -f...:        tuning, see GCC manual and avr-libc documentation
#  -Wall...:     warning level
#  -Wa,...:      tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
#    -adhlns...: create assembler listing
CFLAGS = -g$(DEBUG)
CFLAGS += $(CDEFS) $(CINCS)
CFLAGS += -O$(OPT)
CFLAGS += -funsigned-char -funsigned-bitfields -fpack-struct -fshort-enums
CFLAGS += -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes
CFLAGS += -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.c=.lst)
CFLAGS += $(patsubst %,-I%,$(EXTRAINCDIRS))
CFLAGS += $(CSTANDARD)


#---------------- Assembler Options ----------------
#  -Wa,...:   tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
#  -ahlms:    create listing
#  -gstabs:   have the assembler create line number information; note that
#             for use in COFF files, additional information about filenames
#             and function names needs to be present in the assembler source
#             files -- see avr-libc docs [FIXME: not yet described there]
ASFLAGS = -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.S=.lst),-gstabs 


#---------------- Library Options ----------------
# Minimalistic printf version
PRINTF_LIB_MIN = -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_min

# Floating point printf version (requires MATH_LIB = -lm below)
PRINTF_LIB_FLOAT = -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_flt

# If this is left blank, then it will use the Standard printf version.
PRINTF_LIB = 
#PRINTF_LIB = $(PRINTF_LIB_MIN)
#PRINTF_LIB = $(PRINTF_LIB_FLOAT)


# Minimalistic scanf version
SCANF_LIB_MIN = -Wl,-u,vfscanf -lscanf_min

# Floating point + %[ scanf version (requires MATH_LIB = -lm below)
SCANF_LIB_FLOAT = -Wl,-u,vfscanf -lscanf_flt

# If this is left blank, then it will use the Standard scanf version.
SCANF_LIB = 
#SCANF_LIB = $(SCANF_LIB_MIN)
#SCANF_LIB = $(SCANF_LIB_FLOAT)

MATH_LIB =
#MATH_LIB = -lm



#---------------- External Memory Options ----------------

# 64 KB of external RAM, starting after internal RAM (ATmega128!),
# used for variables (.data/.bss) and heap (malloc()).
#EXTMEMOPTS = -Wl,-Tdata=0x801100,--defsym=__heap_end=0x80ffff

# 64 KB of external RAM, starting after internal RAM (ATmega128!),
# only used for heap (malloc()).
#EXTMEMOPTS = -Wl,--defsym=__heap_start=0x801100,--defsym=__heap_end=0x80ffff

EXTMEMOPTS =



#---------------- Linker Options ----------------
#  -Wl,...:     tell GCC to pass this to linker.
#    -Map:      create map file
#    --cref:    add cross reference to  map file
LDFLAGS = -Wl,-Map=$(TARGET).map,--cref
LDFLAGS += $(EXTMEMOPTS)
LDFLAGS += $(PRINTF_LIB) $(SCANF_LIB) $(MATH_LIB)



#---------------- Programming Options (avrdude) ----------------

# Programming hardware: alf avr910 avrisp bascom bsd 
# dt006 pavr picoweb pony-stk200 sp12 stk200 stk500
#
# Type: avrdude -c ?
# to get a full listing.
#
AVRDUDE_PROGRAMMER = butterfly

# com1 = serial port. Use lpt1 to connect to parallel port.
AVRDUDE_PORT = /dev/cu.usbserial    # programmer connected to serial device

AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH = -U flash:w:$(TARGET).hex
#AVRDUDE_WRITE_EEPROM = -U eeprom:w:$(TARGET).eep


# Uncomment the following if you want avrdude's erase cycle counter.
# Note that this counter needs to be initialized first using -Yn,
# see avrdude manual.
#AVRDUDE_ERASE_COUNTER = -y

# Uncomment the following if you do /not/ wish a verification to be
# performed after programming the device.
#AVRDUDE_NO_VERIFY = -V

# Increase verbosity level.  Please use this when submitting bug
# reports about avrdude. See <http://savannah.nongnu.org/projects/avrdude> 
# to submit bug reports.
#AVRDUDE_VERBOSE = -v -v

AVRDUDE_FLAGS = -p $(MCU) -P $(AVRDUDE_PORT) -c $(AVRDUDE_PROGRAMMER)
AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_NO_VERIFY)
AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_VERBOSE)
AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_ERASE_COUNTER)



#---------------- Debugging Options ----------------

# For simulavr only - target MCU frequency.
DEBUG_MFREQ = $(F_CPU)

# Set the DEBUG_UI to either gdb or insight.
 DEBUG_UI = gdb
#DEBUG_UI = insight

# Set the debugging back-end to either avarice, simulavr.
DEBUG_BACKEND = avarice
#DEBUG_BACKEND = simulavr

# GDB Init Filename.
GDBINIT_FILE = __avr_gdbinit

# When using avarice settings for the JTAG
JTAG_DEV = /dev/cu.usbserial
#JTAG_OPTS = --erase

# Debugging port used to communicate between GDB / avarice / simulavr.
DEBUG_PORT = 4242

# Debugging host used to communicate between GDB / avarice / simulavr, normally
#     just set to localhost unless doing some sort of crazy debugging when 
#     avarice is running on a different computer.
DEBUG_HOST = localhost



#============================================================================


# Define programs and commands.
SHELL = sh
CC = avr-gcc
OBJCOPY = avr-objcopy
OBJDUMP = avr-objdump
SIZE = avr-size
NM = avr-nm
AVRDUDE = avrdude
REMOVE = rm -f
COPY = cp
WINSHELL = cmd


# Define Messages
# English
MSG_ERRORS_NONE = Errors: none
MSG_BEGIN = -------- begin --------
MSG_END = --------  end  --------
MSG_SIZE_BEFORE = Size before: 
MSG_SIZE_AFTER = Size after:
MSG_COFF = Converting to AVR COFF:
MSG_EXTENDED_COFF = Converting to AVR Extended COFF:
MSG_FLASH = Creating load file for Flash:
MSG_EEPROM = Creating load file for EEPROM:
MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING = Creating Extended Listing:
MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE = Creating Symbol Table:
MSG_LINKING = Linking:
MSG_COMPILING = Compiling:
MSG_ASSEMBLING = Assembling:
MSG_CLEANING = Cleaning project:




# Define all object files.
OBJ = $(SRC:.c=.o) $(ASRC:.S=.o) 

# Define all listing files.
LST = $(SRC:.c=.lst) $(ASRC:.S=.lst) 


# Compiler flags to generate dependency files.
GENDEPFLAGS = -MD -MP -MF .dep/$(@F).d


# Combine all necessary flags and optional flags.
# Add target processor to flags.
ALL_CFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. $(CFLAGS) $(GENDEPFLAGS)
ALL_ASFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. -x assembler-with-cpp $(ASFLAGS)





# Default target.
all: begin gccversion sizebefore build sizeafter end

build: elf hex eep lss sym

elf: $(TARGET).elf
hex: $(TARGET).hex
eep: $(TARGET).eep
lss: $(TARGET).lss 
sym: $(TARGET).sym



# Eye candy.
# AVR Studio 3.x does not check make's exit code but relies on
# the following magic strings to be generated by the compile job.
begin:
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_BEGIN)

#
# a couple of hacks were added here by NAL to help with Xcode debugging
# ie give some kind of valid executable file.
end:
  chmod 755 $(TARGET).elf
  @echo $(MSG_END)
  @echo
  

# Display size of file.
HEXSIZE = $(SIZE) --target=$(FORMAT) $(TARGET).hex
ELFSIZE = $(SIZE) -A $(TARGET).elf
AVRMEM = avr-mem.sh $(TARGET).elf $(MCU)

sizebefore:
  @if test -f $(TARGET).elf; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_BEFORE); $(ELFSIZE); \
  $(AVRMEM) 2>/dev/null; echo; fi

sizeafter:
  @if test -f $(TARGET).elf; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_AFTER); $(ELFSIZE); \
  $(AVRMEM) 2>/dev/null; echo; fi



# Display compiler version information.
gccversion : 
  @$(CC) --version



# Program the device.  
program: $(TARGET).hex $(TARGET).eep
  $(AVRDUDE) $(AVRDUDE_FLAGS) $(AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH) $(AVRDUDE_WRITE_EEPROM)


# Generate avr-gdb config/init file which does the following:
#     define the reset signal, load the target file, connect to target, and set 
#     a breakpoint at main().
gdb-config: 
  @$(REMOVE) $(GDBINIT_FILE)
  @echo define reset >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
  @echo SIGNAL SIGHUP >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
  @echo end >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
  @echo file $(TARGET).elf >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
  @echo target remote $(DEBUG_HOST):$(DEBUG_PORT)  >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
ifeq ($(DEBUG_BACKEND),simulavr)
  @echo load  >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
endif  
  @echo break main >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
  
debug: gdb-config $(TARGET).elf
ifeq ($(DEBUG_BACKEND), avarice)
  @echo Starting AVaRICE - Press enter when "waiting to connect" message displays.
#  @$(WINSHELL) /c start avarice --jtag $(JTAG_DEV) --erase --program --file \
  $(TARGET).elf $(DEBUG_HOST):$(DEBUG_PORT)
#  @$(WINSHELL) /c pause
  @avarice --jtag $(JTAG_DEV) $(JTAG_OPTS) --program --file \
  $(TARGET).elf $(DEBUG_HOST):$(DEBUG_PORT) &
  
else
  @$(WINSHELL) /c start simulavr --gdbserver --device $(MCU) --clock-freq \
  $(DEBUG_MFREQ) --port $(DEBUG_PORT)
endif
#  @$(WINSHELL) /c start 
  sleep 10
  avr-$(DEBUG_UI) --command=$(GDBINIT_FILE)
  



# Convert ELF to COFF for use in debugging / simulating in AVR Studio or VMLAB.
COFFCONVERT=$(OBJCOPY) --debugging \
--change-section-address .data-0x800000 \
--change-section-address .bss-0x800000 \
--change-section-address .noinit-0x800000 \
--change-section-address .eeprom-0x810000 


coff: $(TARGET).elf
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_COFF) $(TARGET).cof
  $(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-avr $< $(TARGET).cof


extcoff: $(TARGET).elf
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_COFF) $(TARGET).cof
  $(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-ext-avr $< $(TARGET).cof



# Create final output files (.hex, .eep) from ELF output file.
%.hex: %.elf
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_FLASH) $@
  $(OBJCOPY) -O $(FORMAT) -R .eeprom $< $@

%.eep: %.elf
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_EEPROM) $@
  -$(OBJCOPY) -j .eeprom --set-section-flags=.eeprom="alloc,load" \
  --change-section-lma .eeprom=0 -O $(FORMAT) $< $@

# Create extended listing file from ELF output file.
%.lss: %.elf
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING) $@
  $(OBJDUMP) -h -S $< > $@

# Create a symbol table from ELF output file.
%.sym: %.elf
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE) $@
  $(NM) -n $< > $@



# Link: create ELF output file from object files.
.SECONDARY : $(TARGET).elf
.PRECIOUS : $(OBJ)
%.elf: $(OBJ)
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_LINKING) $@
  $(CC) $(ALL_CFLAGS) $^ --output $@ $(LDFLAGS)


# Compile: create object files from C source files.
%.o : %.c
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_COMPILING) $<
  $(CC) -c $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@ 


# Compile: create assembler files from C source files.
%.s : %.c
  $(CC) -S $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@


# Assemble: create object files from assembler source files.
%.o : %.S
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_ASSEMBLING) $<
  $(CC) -c $(ALL_ASFLAGS) $< -o $@

# Create preprocessed source for use in sending a bug report.
%.i : %.c
  $(CC) -E -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. $(CFLAGS) $< -o $@ 


# Target: clean project.
clean: begin clean_list end

clean_list :
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_CLEANING)
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).hex
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).eep
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).cof
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).elf
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).map
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).sym
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).lss
  $(REMOVE) $(OBJ)
  $(REMOVE) $(LST)
  $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.s)
  $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.d)
  $(REMOVE) .dep/*



# Include the dependency files.
-include $(shell mkdir .dep 2>/dev/null) $(wildcard .dep/*)


# Listing of phony targets.
.PHONY : all begin finish end sizebefore sizeafter gccversion \
build elf hex eep lss sym coff extcoff \
clean clean_list program debug gdb-config


Autor: Flo S. (tuxianer)
Datum:

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wenn ich bei mcu atmega 32 eingebe kommen weniger errors. Also muss es 
daran liegen!

Autor: holger (Gast)
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>>F_CPU = 7372800
>Hier fehlt das L am Ende.

Blödsinn. Der Compiler erkennt von sich aus das das 'L' ist.
Was soll er sonst mit einer so großen Definition machen ?
Das sind "Urban Legends". Ich hatte noch nie Probleme ohne 'L'.

>Und wieso ins Makefile? das kommt einfach in den Quelltext, so wie im
>Tutorial, wo du es herkopiert hast.

Das ist ja wohl der größte Schwachsinn den ich je gelesen habe !

Autor: Stefan B. (stefan) Benutzerseite
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Du versuchst laut Makefile für die MCU atmega162 zu übersetzen. Die hat 
ZWEI UARTs, die in dem Sourcecode auch spezifisch angesprochen werden 
müssen.

Also statt
    UBRRH = UBRR_VAL >> 8;
    UBRRL = UBRR_VAL & 0xFF;

könnte es heissen
    UBRR0H = UBRR_VAL >> 8;
    UBRR0L = UBRR_VAL & 0xFF;

wenn du UART0 benutzen willst.

Das Problem zieht sich wahrscheinlich durch den kompletten Sourcecode.
-------- begin --------
avr-gcc (GCC) 4.1.2 (WinAVR 20070525)
Copyright (C) 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.


Compiling: GTR.c
avr-gcc -c -mmcu=atmega162 -I. -gstabs -DF_CPU=7372800LUL  -Os -funsigned-char -funsigned-bitfields -fpack-struct -fshort-enums -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -Wa,-adhlns=GTR.lst  -std=gnu99 -MD -MP -MF .dep/GTR.o.d GTR.c -o GTR.o
GTR.c: In function 'main':
GTR.c:17: error: 'UBRRH' undeclared (first use in this function)
GTR.c:17: error: (Each undeclared identifier is reported only once
GTR.c:17: error: for each function it appears in.)
GTR.c:17:13: error: invalid suffix "LUL" on integer constant
GTR.c:18: error: 'UBRRL' undeclared (first use in this function)
GTR.c:18:13: error: invalid suffix "LUL" on integer constant
GTR.c:20: error: 'USR1C' undeclared (first use in this function)
GTR.c:20: error: 'URSEL' undeclared (first use in this function)
GTR.c:20: error: 'USBS' undeclared (first use in this function)
GTR.c:20: error: 'UCSZ1' undeclared (first use in this function)
GTR.c:20: error: 'UCSZ0' undeclared (first use in this function)
GTR.c:21: error: 'USR0C' undeclared (first use in this function)
GTR.c:24: error: 'RXCIE' undeclared (first use in this function)
GTR.c:24: error: 'RXEN' undeclared (first use in this function)
GTR.c:24: error: 'TXEN' undeclared (first use in this function)
GTR.c:30:2: warning: no newline at end of file
GTR.c: At top level:
GTR.c:30: fatal error: opening dependency file .dep/GTR.o.d: No such file or directory
compilation terminated.
MAKE.EXE: *** [GTR.o] Error 1

Du solltest dir die Definitionen in avr/include/avr/iom162.h anlesen und 
den Sourcecode abändern. Dann sehen wir weiter.

Im Anhang noch das handkorrigierte Makefile. Beim Einfügen in den 
Nachrichtentext sind wohl die essentiellen TAB vor den Kommandos 
(@echo...) verloren gegangen und das Makefile wurde dadurch 
funktionsunfähig.

Wie gesagt im Anhang eine Korrektur mit TABs ansonsten ungeändert und 
funktionsfähig.

Autor: Flo S. (tuxianer)
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gut danke das mit den 2 uarts habe ich korrigiert. Dummer Fehler in 
meiner ASM Umsetzung ist es ja richtig. Jetzt kommt noch 1 Fehler:

.
.
.
Support/Apple/Developer Tools"
    /usr/bin/make

-------- begin --------
avr-gcc (GCC) 4.1.1
Copyright (C) 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is 
NO
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR 
PURPOSE.

make: *** No rule to make target `GTR.o', needed by `GTR.elf'.  Stop.
    make: *** No rule to make target `GTR.o', needed by `GTR.elf'. 
Stop.
    make: *** No rule to make target `GTR.o', needed by `GTR.elf'. 
Stop.
    make: *** No rule to make target `GTR.o', needed by `GTR.elf'. 
Stop.
    make: *** No rule to make target `GTR.o', needed by `GTR.elf'. 
Stop.
    make: *** No rule to make target `GTR.o', needed by `GTR.elf'. 
Stop.
    make: *** No rule to make target `GTR.o', needed by `GTR.elf'. 
Stop.
    make: *** No rule to make target `GTR.o', needed by `GTR.elf'. 
Stop.
    make: *** No rule to make target `GTR.o', needed by `GTR.elf'. 
Stop.
    make: *** No rule to make target `GTR.o', needed by `GTR.elf'. 
Stop.
Build failed (1 error)

Autor: Stefan B. (stefan) Benutzerseite
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Ich würde je die korrigierte Source gerne durch meinen avr-gcc schicken, 
aber du hast sie nicht beigefügt...

Ich habe stattdessen einen Rumpf (die folgende Datei GTR.c) kompiliert:
#include <avr/io.h>
#include <avr/interrupt.h>
#include <inttypes.h>

#define BAUD 9600L                // Baudrate, das L am Ende ist wichtig, NICHT UL verwenden!

#define UBRR_VAL ((F_CPU+BAUD*8)/(BAUD*16)-1)   // clever runden
#define BAUD_REAL (F_CPU/(16*(UBRR_VAL+1)))     // Reale Baudrate
#define BAUD_ERROR ((BAUD_REAL*1000)/BAUD-1000) // Fehler in Promille

int temp, Data, Count;

int main (void) {
#if 0
    UBRRH = UBRR_VAL >> 8;
    UBRRL = UBRR_VAL & 0xFF;

  USR1C |= (1<<URSEL)|(1<<USBS)|(1<<UCSZ1)|(1<<UCSZ0);
  USR0C |= (1<<URSEL)|(1<<USBS)|(1<<UCSZ1)|(1<<UCSZ0);


  UCSR1B |= (1<<RXCIE)|(1<<RXEN)|(1<<TXEN);
  UCSR1B |= (1<<RXCIE)|(1<<RXEN)|(1<<TXEN);

  sei();
#endif
}

Das funktioniert (s. Anhang).

ADD: Ich muss jetzt in die Falls; schaue aber morgen sicher in den 
Thread rein.

Autor: Flo S. (tuxianer)
Datum:

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ich hab den:

#include <avr/io.h>
#include <avr/interrupt.h>
#include <inttypes.h>

#define BAUD 9600L                // Baudrate, das L am Ende ist wichtig, NICHT UL verwenden!
 
#define UBRR_VAL ((F_CPU+BAUD*8)/(BAUD*16)-1)   // clever runden
#define BAUD_REAL (F_CPU/(16*(UBRR_VAL+1)))     // Reale Baudrate
#define BAUD_ERROR ((BAUD_REAL*1000)/BAUD-1000) // Fehler in Promille



int temp, Data, Count;

int main (void) {

    UBRR0H = UBRR_VAL >> 8;
    UBRR0L = UBRR_VAL & 0xFF;
  
  UBRR1H = UBRR_VAL >> 8;
    UBRR1L = UBRR_VAL & 0xFF;
    
  UCSR1C |= (1<<URSEL)|(1<<USBS)|(1<<UCSZ1)|(1<<UCSZ0);
  UCSR0C |= (1<<URSEL)|(1<<USBS)|(1<<UCSZ1)|(1<<UCSZ0);
  

  UCSR1B |= (1<<RXCIE)|(1<<RXEN)|(1<<TXEN); 
  UCSR0B |= (1<<RXCIE)|(1<<RXEN)|(1<<TXEN);
  
  sei();
  
    
}




deiner geht aber auch nicht also liegts am compiler...

Autor: Stefan B. (stefan) Benutzerseite
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OK, ich stehe hier schon mit Zahnpasta im Mund.

Du hast noch nicht alle Fehler korrigiert s. Anhang.

PS: Zeigt deine Fehlerausgabe keine Zeilennummern. Die sind ziemlich 
wichtig beim korrigieren!

Beispiel:
GTR.c:17:14: error: invalid suffix "LUL" on integer constant

Zeile 17 in GTR.c ist
    UBRR0H = UBRR_VAL >> 8;

Es kann sich bei Spalte 14 nur um das UBRR_VAL handeln und das wird 
durch ein Define gebildet. Die Zutaten dafür kommen teils aus der Source 
(die sieht OK aus) und aus dem Makefile.

Das Vermaledeite LUL kommt aus dem Makefile. Dort steht in einer Zeile

F_CPU = 7372800L

und in einer anderen Zeile

CDEFS = -DF_CPU=$(F_CPU)UL

Das

L + UL ergibt LUL ;-(

Lass beim definieren von F_CPU das L weg (so wie es für UL im 
darüberstehenden Kommentar steht)

F_CPU = 7372800

Die verbleibenden Fehler hängen mit den beiden UARTs zusammen. Hier auch 
mit 0/1 arbeiten.

Autor: Flo S. (tuxianer)
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also irgendwas ist komisch.

Mit meinem Code in meinem einen Projekt kommt der Besagte fehler. Aber 
kein anderer. Mit deinem genau so. In einem Neuen Projekt geht deiner, 
aber meiner nicht. Wobei ich seh jetzt eigentlich keinen Unterschied.

Autor: Stefan B. (stefan) Benutzerseite
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Ich verstehe deine Nachricht nicht, so oft ich sie auch lese (war 
gestern spät ;-). Versuche, es mir besser zu erklären.

Aber zunächst zum alten Problem:

In meinem Projekt mit deiner letzten Beispielsource (00:34) kommt der 
besagte LUL-Fehler nicht mehr, seit ich die oben vorgeschlagene 
Änderung (F_CPU = 7372800L ändern zu F_CPU = 7372800) im Makefile 
gemacht habe.

Der oben angehängte Fehlertext (error2.txt) ist der Zustand vor meiner 
Änderung (ein Fehler der weg ist, kann ich schlecht als Fehler zeigen).

Die anderen Fehler (unbekanntes 'URSEL', 'USBS', 'UCSZ1', 'UCSZ0', 
'RXCIE',
'RXEN', 'TXEN') hatte ich als triviale Fehler eingestuft. Ich dachte, du 
hättest nur vergessen, diese zu beheben. Vielleicht ist es aber anders:

In meiner AVR-GCC Distribution (WinAVR 20070525) "fehlen" diese 
Makrosymbole im entsprechenden Includefile (avr/include/avr/iom162.h). 
Aber dort sind aber andere, funktional entsprechende Makrosymbole. Diese 
sind jeweils mit dem 0 bzw. 1 für eine der beiden UARTs des Atmega162 
gekennzeichnet (Beispiel #define URSEL1  7 und #define URSEL0 7).

Wenn jetzt die Namen der Makrosymbole bei deiner Distribution anders 
sind oder wenn deine Makrosymbole eventuell zusätzlich definiert sind, 
sei es so. Im Hinterkopf behalten: Es kann zu Verständnisproblemen 
führen, wenn du wie in dieser Diskussion Source austauschst.

Jetzt zum neuen Problem.

Wie sieht das neue Projekt aus? Makefile? Sourceode? Fehlertext beim 
Kompilierversuch?

Autor: Flo S. (tuxianer)
Datum:

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Die probleme sind soweit behoben. Ich hab nen neunen Thread 
aufgemacht...


ALSO HIER BITTE NICHT MEHR ANTWORTEN!!!! IM NEUEN GEHTS WEITER!!!

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