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Forum: Mikrocontroller und Digitale Elektronik USB-ISP-Programmer


Autor: E7C (Gast)
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Hallo zusammen,

ich habe mir folgenden USB-ISP-Programmer gekauft:
http://www.obd-shop.com/danila/product_details.php...

Jetzt habe ich WIN-AVR installiert, das Makefile angeglichen und in den 
gleichen Ordner kopiert und dann versucht zu Programmieren.

Zur Hardware:
Atmega8

Doch ich bekomme folgende Probleme, und weiss nicht wie ich sie beheben 
soll.

> "make.exe" program
avrdude -p atmega8 -P com1 -c stk500v2    -U flash:w:main.hex

avrdude: AVR device initialized and ready to accept instructions

Reading | ################################################## | 100% 
0.02s

avrdude: Device signature = 0x1e9307
avrdude: NOTE: FLASH memory has been specified, an erase cycle will be 
performed
         To disable this feature, specify the -D option.
avrdude: current erase-rewrite cycle count is -50331649 (if being 
tracked)
avrdude: erasing chip
avrdude: reading input file "main.hex"
avrdude: input file main.hex auto detected as raw binary
avrdude: writing flash (304 bytes):

Writing | ################################################## | 100% 
0.08s

avrdude: 304 bytes of flash written
avrdude: verifying flash memory against main.hex:
avrdude: load data flash data from input file main.hex:
avrdude: input file main.hex auto detected as raw binary
avrdude: input file main.hex contains 304 bytes
avrdude: reading on-chip flash data:

Reading | ################################################## | 100% 
0.08s

avrdude: verifying ...
avrdude: verification error, first mismatch at byte 0x0000
         0x12 != 0xff
avrdude: verification error; content mismatch

avrdude done.  Thank you.

make.exe: *** [program] Error 1

> Process Exit Code: 2
> Time Taken: 00:02


Weiss jemand, was ich machen muss, damit das funktioniert?

Autor: E7C (Gast)
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Hier ist noch ein weiterer Fehler:
> "make.exe" program
avrdude -p atmega8 -P com1 -c stk500v2    -U flash:w:main.hex

avrdude: AVR device initialized and ready to accept instructions

Reading | ################################################## | 100% 
0.02s

avrdude: Device signature = 0x1e9302
avrdude: Expected signature for ATMEGA8 is 1E 93 07
         Double check chip, or use -F to override this check.

avrdude done.  Thank you.

make.exe: *** [program] Error 1

> Process Exit Code: 2
> Time Taken: 00:02

Autor: Antwort (Gast)
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Ich denke das Problem liegt an dem fehlenden "Format" Parameter beim 
Aufruf von AVRDude. Der Befehl müsste dann wie folgt aussehen:
avrdude -p atmega8 -P com1 -c stk500v2    -U flash:w:main.hex:a

Unterschied ist das :a am Ende, welches das file als ASCII File 
deklariert.

Autor: E7C (Gast)
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Und wie kann ich das im MAKEFILE einstellen?

Autor: Antwort (Gast)
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Korrektur, das :a steht nicht für ASCII sondern für auto-detect. Habe es 
mit was anderem verwechselt.

Autor: holger (Gast)
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>avrdude: Device signature = 0x1e9302
>avrdude: Expected signature for ATMEGA8 is 1E 93 07

Sowas passiert wenn die ISP Geschwindigkeit zu hoch oder
das ISP Kabel zu lang ist.

Versuch mal -B 10

Autor: Antwort (Gast)
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Im Makefile ist üblicherweise kein Aufruf von AVRDude drinnen. Daher 
weiß ich nciht wie dieser Teil deines makefiles aussieht und kann dir 
auch keinen Hinweis geben.
Ich denke aber mal das irgendwo am Ende des makefiles diese Zeile von 
AVRDude steht udn du einfach nur ein :a hinzufügen musst.

Autor: E7C (Gast)
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Sorry bin Anfänge und arbeite mit dem MAKEFILE-Programm aus dem 
WINAVR-Paket, deswegen kenn ich mich nicht genau aus, wie ich das alles 
einstellen muss...

Gibts da irgendwo eine Anlietung zu?

Autor: Antwort (Gast)
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Folgende Datei anpassen:
WinAVR->mfile->makefile_template

Dort die Zeile 281
AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH = -U flash:w:$(TARGET).hex
folgenderweise ändern:
AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH = -U flash:w:$(TARGET).hex:a

Wenn du das makefile woanders hin kopiert hast musst du natürlich diese 
Kopie anpassen.

P.S. Ich gehe jetzt mald avon aus das du dieses Template benutzt. Da ich 
es nicht genau weiß rate ich nur, die beste möglichkeit wäre wenn du 
dein makefile eifnach posten würdest.

Autor: E7C (Gast)
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Okay Sorry...
Hab das mit :a schon angepasst... immernoch der gleiche Fehler... Die 
Option mit -B 10 finde ich nicht....

Hier das Makefile:

# Hey Emacs, this is a -*- makefile -*-
#----------------------------------------------------------------------- 
-----
# WinAVR Makefile Template written by Eric B. Weddington, Jörg Wunsch, 
et al.
#
# Released to the Public Domain
#
# Additional material for this makefile was written by:
# Peter Fleury
# Tim Henigan
# Colin O'Flynn
# Reiner Patommel
# Markus Pfaff
# Sander Pool
# Frederik Rouleau
# Carlos Lamas
#
#----------------------------------------------------------------------- 
-----
# On command line:
#
# make all = Make software.
#
# make clean = Clean out built project files.
#
# make coff = Convert ELF to AVR COFF.
#
# make extcoff = Convert ELF to AVR Extended COFF.
#
# make program = Download the hex file to the device, using avrdude.
#                Please customize the avrdude settings below first!
#
# make debug = Start either simulavr or avarice as specified for 
debugging,
#              with avr-gdb or avr-insight as the front end for 
debugging.
#
# make filename.s = Just compile filename.c into the assembler code 
only.
#
# make filename.i = Create a preprocessed source file for use in 
submitting
#                   bug reports to the GCC project.
#
# To rebuild project do "make clean" then "make all".
#----------------------------------------------------------------------- 
-----


# MCU name
MCU = atmega8


# Processor frequency.
#     This will define a symbol, F_CPU, in all source code files equal 
to the
#     processor frequency. You can then use this symbol in your source 
code to
#     calculate timings. Do NOT tack on a 'UL' at the end, this will be 
done
#     automatically to create a 32-bit value in your source code.
#     Typical values are:
#         F_CPU =  1000000
#         F_CPU =  1843200
#         F_CPU =  2000000
#         F_CPU =  3686400
#         F_CPU =  4000000
#         F_CPU =  7372800
#         F_CPU =  8000000
#         F_CPU = 11059200
#         F_CPU = 14745600
#         F_CPU = 16000000
#         F_CPU = 18432000
#         F_CPU = 20000000
F_CPU = 8000000


# Output format. (can be srec, ihex, binary)
FORMAT = srec


# Target file name (without extension).
TARGET = main


# Object files directory
#     To put object files in current directory, use a dot (.), do NOT 
make
#     this an empty or blank macro!
OBJDIR = .


# List C source files here. (C dependencies are automatically 
generated.)
SRC = $(TARGET).c


# List C++ source files here. (C dependencies are automatically 
generated.)
CPPSRC =


# List Assembler source files here.
#     Make them always end in a capital .S.  Files ending in a lowercase 
.s
#     will not be considered source files but generated files (assembler
#     output from the compiler), and will be deleted upon "make clean"!
#     Even though the DOS/Win* filesystem matches both .s and .S the 
same,
#     it will preserve the spelling of the filenames, and gcc itself 
does
#     care about how the name is spelled on its command-line.
ASRC =


# Optimization level, can be [0, 1, 2, 3, s].
#     0 = turn off optimization. s = optimize for size.
#     (Note: 3 is not always the best optimization level. See avr-libc 
FAQ.)
OPT = 2


# Debugging format.
#     Native formats for AVR-GCC's -g are dwarf-2 [default] or stabs.
#     AVR Studio 4.10 requires dwarf-2.
#     AVR [Extended] COFF format requires stabs, plus an avr-objcopy 
run.
DEBUG = dwarf-2


# List any extra directories to look for include files here.
#     Each directory must be seperated by a space.
#     Use forward slashes for directory separators.
#     For a directory that has spaces, enclose it in quotes.
EXTRAINCDIRS =


# Compiler flag to set the C Standard level.
#     c89   = "ANSI" C
#     gnu89 = c89 plus GCC extensions
#     c99   = ISO C99 standard (not yet fully implemented)
#     gnu99 = c99 plus GCC extensions
CSTANDARD = -std=gnu99


# Place -D or -U options here for C sources
CDEFS = -DF_CPU=$(F_CPU)UL


# Place -D or -U options here for ASM sources
ADEFS = -DF_CPU=$(F_CPU)


# Place -D or -U options here for C++ sources
CPPDEFS = -DF_CPU=$(F_CPU)UL
#CPPDEFS += -D__STDC_LIMIT_MACROS
#CPPDEFS += -D__STDC_CONSTANT_MACROS



#---------------- Compiler Options C ----------------
#  -g*:          generate debugging information
#  -O*:          optimization level
#  -f...:        tuning, see GCC manual and avr-libc documentation
#  -Wall...:     warning level
#  -Wa,...:      tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
#    -adhlns...: create assembler listing
CFLAGS = -g$(DEBUG)
CFLAGS += $(CDEFS)
CFLAGS += -O$(OPT)
CFLAGS += -funsigned-char
CFLAGS += -funsigned-bitfields
CFLAGS += -fpack-struct
CFLAGS += -fshort-enums
CFLAGS += -Wall
CFLAGS += -Wstrict-prototypes
#CFLAGS += -mshort-calls
#CFLAGS += -fno-unit-at-a-time
#CFLAGS += -Wundef
#CFLAGS += -Wunreachable-code
#CFLAGS += -Wsign-compare
CFLAGS += -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:%.c=$(OBJDIR)/%.lst)
CFLAGS += $(patsubst %,-I%,$(EXTRAINCDIRS))
CFLAGS += $(CSTANDARD)


#---------------- Compiler Options C++ ----------------
#  -g*:          generate debugging information
#  -O*:          optimization level
#  -f...:        tuning, see GCC manual and avr-libc documentation
#  -Wall...:     warning level
#  -Wa,...:      tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
#    -adhlns...: create assembler listing
CPPFLAGS = -g$(DEBUG)
CPPFLAGS += $(CPPDEFS)
CPPFLAGS += -O$(OPT)
CPPFLAGS += -funsigned-char
CPPFLAGS += -funsigned-bitfields
CPPFLAGS += -fpack-struct
CPPFLAGS += -fshort-enums
CPPFLAGS += -fno-exceptions
CPPFLAGS += -Wall
CPPFLAGS += -Wundef
#CPPFLAGS += -mshort-calls
#CPPFLAGS += -fno-unit-at-a-time
#CPPFLAGS += -Wstrict-prototypes
#CPPFLAGS += -Wunreachable-code
#CPPFLAGS += -Wsign-compare
CPPFLAGS += -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:%.cpp=$(OBJDIR)/%.lst)
CPPFLAGS += $(patsubst %,-I%,$(EXTRAINCDIRS))
#CPPFLAGS += $(CSTANDARD)


#---------------- Assembler Options ----------------
#  -Wa,...:   tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
#  -adhlns:   create listing
#  -gstabs:   have the assembler create line number information; note 
that
#             for use in COFF files, additional information about 
filenames
#             and function names needs to be present in the assembler 
source
#             files -- see avr-libc docs [FIXME: not yet described 
there]
#  -listing-cont-lines: Sets the maximum number of continuation lines of 
hex
#       dump that will be displayed for a given single line of source 
input.
ASFLAGS = $(ADEFS) 
-Wa,-adhlns=$(<:%.S=$(OBJDIR)/%.lst),-gstabs,--listing-cont-lines=100


#---------------- Library Options ----------------
# Minimalistic printf version
PRINTF_LIB_MIN = -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_min

# Floating point printf version (requires MATH_LIB = -lm below)
PRINTF_LIB_FLOAT = -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_flt

# If this is left blank, then it will use the Standard printf version.
PRINTF_LIB =
#PRINTF_LIB = $(PRINTF_LIB_MIN)
#PRINTF_LIB = $(PRINTF_LIB_FLOAT)


# Minimalistic scanf version
SCANF_LIB_MIN = -Wl,-u,vfscanf -lscanf_min

# Floating point + %[ scanf version (requires MATH_LIB = -lm below)
SCANF_LIB_FLOAT = -Wl,-u,vfscanf -lscanf_flt

# If this is left blank, then it will use the Standard scanf version.
SCANF_LIB =
#SCANF_LIB = $(SCANF_LIB_MIN)
#SCANF_LIB = $(SCANF_LIB_FLOAT)


MATH_LIB = -lm


# List any extra directories to look for libraries here.
#     Each directory must be seperated by a space.
#     Use forward slashes for directory separators.
#     For a directory that has spaces, enclose it in quotes.
EXTRALIBDIRS =



#---------------- External Memory Options ----------------

# 64 KB of external RAM, starting after internal RAM (ATmega128!),
# used for variables (.data/.bss) and heap (malloc()).
#EXTMEMOPTS = -Wl,-Tdata=0x801100,--defsym=__heap_end=0x80ffff

# 64 KB of external RAM, starting after internal RAM (ATmega128!),
# only used for heap (malloc()).
#EXTMEMOPTS = 
-Wl,--section-start,.data=0x801100,--defsym=__heap_end=0x80ffff

EXTMEMOPTS =



#---------------- Linker Options ----------------
#  -Wl,...:     tell GCC to pass this to linker.
#    -Map:      create map file
#    --cref:    add cross reference to  map file
LDFLAGS = -Wl,-Map=$(TARGET).map,--cref
LDFLAGS += $(EXTMEMOPTS)
LDFLAGS += $(patsubst %,-L%,$(EXTRALIBDIRS))
LDFLAGS += $(PRINTF_LIB) $(SCANF_LIB) $(MATH_LIB)
#LDFLAGS += -T linker_script.x



#---------------- Programming Options (avrdude) ----------------

# Programming hardware
# Type: avrdude -c ?
# to get a full listing.
#
AVRDUDE_PROGRAMMER = stk500v2

# com1 = serial port. Use lpt1 to connect to parallel port.
AVRDUDE_PORT = com1

AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH = -U flash:w:$(TARGET).hex:a
#AVRDUDE_WRITE_EEPROM = -U eeprom:w:$(TARGET).eep


# Uncomment the following if you want avrdude's erase cycle counter.
# Note that this counter needs to be initialized first using -Yn,
# see avrdude manual.
#AVRDUDE_ERASE_COUNTER = -y

# Uncomment the following if you do not wish a verification to be
# performed after programming the device.
#AVRDUDE_NO_VERIFY = -V

# Increase verbosity level.  Please use this when submitting bug
# reports about avrdude. See 
<http://savannah.nongnu.org/projects/avrdude>
# to submit bug reports.
#AVRDUDE_VERBOSE = -v -v

AVRDUDE_FLAGS = -p $(MCU) -P $(AVRDUDE_PORT) -c $(AVRDUDE_PROGRAMMER)
AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_NO_VERIFY)
AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_VERBOSE)
AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_ERASE_COUNTER)



#---------------- Debugging Options ----------------

# For simulavr only - target MCU frequency.
DEBUG_MFREQ = $(F_CPU)

# Set the DEBUG_UI to either gdb or insight.
# DEBUG_UI = gdb
DEBUG_UI = insight

# Set the debugging back-end to either avarice, simulavr.
DEBUG_BACKEND = avarice
#DEBUG_BACKEND = simulavr

# GDB Init Filename.
GDBINIT_FILE = __avr_gdbinit

# When using avarice settings for the JTAG
JTAG_DEV = /dev/com1

# Debugging port used to communicate between GDB  avarice  simulavr.
DEBUG_PORT = 4242

# Debugging host used to communicate between GDB  avarice  simulavr, 
normally
#     just set to localhost unless doing some sort of crazy debugging 
when
#     avarice is running on a different computer.
DEBUG_HOST = localhost



#======================================================================= 
=====


# Define programs and commands.
SHELL = sh
CC = avr-gcc
OBJCOPY = avr-objcopy
OBJDUMP = avr-objdump
SIZE = avr-size
AR = avr-ar rcs
NM = avr-nm
AVRDUDE = avrdude
REMOVE = rm -f
REMOVEDIR = rm -rf
COPY = cp
WINSHELL = cmd


# Define Messages
# English
MSG_ERRORS_NONE = Errors: none
MSG_BEGIN = -------- begin --------
MSG_END = --------  end  --------
MSG_SIZE_BEFORE = Size before:
MSG_SIZE_AFTER = Size after:
MSG_COFF = Converting to AVR COFF:
MSG_EXTENDED_COFF = Converting to AVR Extended COFF:
MSG_FLASH = Creating load file for Flash:
MSG_EEPROM = Creating load file for EEPROM:
MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING = Creating Extended Listing:
MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE = Creating Symbol Table:
MSG_LINKING = Linking:
MSG_COMPILING = Compiling C:
MSG_COMPILING_CPP = Compiling C++:
MSG_ASSEMBLING = Assembling:
MSG_CLEANING = Cleaning project:
MSG_CREATING_LIBRARY = Creating library:




# Define all object files.
OBJ = $(SRC:%.c=$(OBJDIR)/%.o) $(CPPSRC:%.cpp=$(OBJDIR)/%.o) 
$(ASRC:%.S=$(OBJDIR)/%.o)

# Define all listing files.
LST = $(SRC:%.c=$(OBJDIR)/%.lst) $(CPPSRC:%.cpp=$(OBJDIR)/%.lst) 
$(ASRC:%.S=$(OBJDIR)/%.lst)


# Compiler flags to generate dependency files.
GENDEPFLAGS = -MMD -MP -MF .dep/$(@F).d


# Combine all necessary flags and optional flags.
# Add target processor to flags.
ALL_CFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. $(CFLAGS) $(GENDEPFLAGS)
ALL_CPPFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. -x c++ $(CPPFLAGS) $(GENDEPFLAGS)
ALL_ASFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. -x assembler-with-cpp $(ASFLAGS)





# Default target.
all: begin gccversion sizebefore build sizeafter end

# Change the build target to build a HEX file or a library.
build: elf hex eep lss sym
#build: lib


elf: $(TARGET).elf
hex: $(TARGET).hex
eep: $(TARGET).eep
lss: $(TARGET).lss
sym: $(TARGET).sym
LIBNAME=lib$(TARGET).a
lib: $(LIBNAME)



# Eye candy.
# AVR Studio 3.x does not check make's exit code but relies on
# the following magic strings to be generated by the compile job.
begin:
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_BEGIN)

end:
  @echo $(MSG_END)
  @echo


# Display size of file.
HEXSIZE = $(SIZE) --target=$(FORMAT) $(TARGET).hex
ELFSIZE = $(SIZE) --mcu=$(MCU) --format=avr $(TARGET).elf

sizebefore:
  @if test -f $(TARGET).elf; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_BEFORE); 
$(ELFSIZE); \
  2>/dev/null; echo; fi

sizeafter:
  @if test -f $(TARGET).elf; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_AFTER); 
$(ELFSIZE); \
  2>/dev/null; echo; fi



# Display compiler version information.
gccversion :
  @$(CC) --version



# Program the device.
program: $(TARGET).hex $(TARGET).eep
  $(AVRDUDE) $(AVRDUDE_FLAGS) $(AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH) 
$(AVRDUDE_WRITE_EEPROM)


# Generate avr-gdb config/init file which does the following:
#     define the reset signal, load the target file, connect to target, 
and set
#     a breakpoint at main().
gdb-config:
  @$(REMOVE) $(GDBINIT_FILE)
  @echo define reset >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
  @echo SIGNAL SIGHUP >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
  @echo end >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
  @echo file $(TARGET).elf >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
  @echo target remote $(DEBUG_HOST):$(DEBUG_PORT)  >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
ifeq ($(DEBUG_BACKEND),simulavr)
  @echo load  >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
endif
  @echo break main >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)

debug: gdb-config $(TARGET).elf
ifeq ($(DEBUG_BACKEND), avarice)
  @echo Starting AVaRICE - Press enter when "waiting to connect" message 
displays.
  @$(WINSHELL) /c start avarice --jtag $(JTAG_DEV) --erase --program 
--file \
  $(TARGET).elf $(DEBUG_HOST):$(DEBUG_PORT)
  @$(WINSHELL) /c pause

else
  @$(WINSHELL) /c start simulavr --gdbserver --device $(MCU) 
--clock-freq \
  $(DEBUG_MFREQ) --port $(DEBUG_PORT)
endif
  @$(WINSHELL) /c start avr-$(DEBUG_UI) --command=$(GDBINIT_FILE)




# Convert ELF to COFF for use in debugging / simulating in AVR Studio or 
VMLAB.
COFFCONVERT = $(OBJCOPY) --debugging
COFFCONVERT += --change-section-address .data-0x800000
COFFCONVERT += --change-section-address .bss-0x800000
COFFCONVERT += --change-section-address .noinit-0x800000
COFFCONVERT += --change-section-address .eeprom-0x810000



coff: $(TARGET).elf
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_COFF) $(TARGET).cof
  $(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-avr $< $(TARGET).cof


extcoff: $(TARGET).elf
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_COFF) $(TARGET).cof
  $(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-ext-avr $< $(TARGET).cof



# Create final output files (.hex, .eep) from ELF output file.
%.hex: %.elf
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_FLASH) $@
  $(OBJCOPY) -O $(FORMAT) -R .eeprom -R .fuse -R .lock $< $@

%.eep: %.elf
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_EEPROM) $@
  -$(OBJCOPY) -j .eeprom --set-section-flags=.eeprom="alloc,load" \
  --change-section-lma .eeprom=0 --no-change-warnings -O $(FORMAT) $< $@ 
|| exit 0

# Create extended listing file from ELF output file.
%.lss: %.elf
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING) $@
  $(OBJDUMP) -h -S -z $< > $@

# Create a symbol table from ELF output file.
%.sym: %.elf
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE) $@
  $(NM) -n $< > $@



# Create library from object files.
.SECONDARY : $(TARGET).a
.PRECIOUS : $(OBJ)
%.a: $(OBJ)
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_CREATING_LIBRARY) $@
  $(AR) $@ $(OBJ)


# Link: create ELF output file from object files.
.SECONDARY : $(TARGET).elf
.PRECIOUS : $(OBJ)
%.elf: $(OBJ)
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_LINKING) $@
  $(CC) $(ALL_CFLAGS) $^ --output $@ $(LDFLAGS)


# Compile: create object files from C source files.
$(OBJDIR)/%.o : %.c
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_COMPILING) $<
  $(CC) -c $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@


# Compile: create object files from C++ source files.
$(OBJDIR)/%.o : %.cpp
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_COMPILING_CPP) $<
  $(CC) -c $(ALL_CPPFLAGS) $< -o $@


# Compile: create assembler files from C source files.
%.s : %.c
  $(CC) -S $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@


# Compile: create assembler files from C++ source files.
%.s : %.cpp
  $(CC) -S $(ALL_CPPFLAGS) $< -o $@


# Assemble: create object files from assembler source files.
$(OBJDIR)/%.o : %.S
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_ASSEMBLING) $<
  $(CC) -c $(ALL_ASFLAGS) $< -o $@


# Create preprocessed source for use in sending a bug report.
%.i : %.c
  $(CC) -E -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. $(CFLAGS) $< -o $@


# Target: clean project.
clean: begin clean_list end

clean_list :
  @echo
  @echo $(MSG_CLEANING)
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).hex
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).eep
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).cof
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).elf
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).map
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).sym
  $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).lss
  $(REMOVE) $(SRC:%.c=$(OBJDIR)/%.o)
  $(REMOVE) $(SRC:%.c=$(OBJDIR)/%.lst)
  $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.s)
  $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.d)
  $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.i)
  $(REMOVEDIR) .dep


# Create object files directory
$(shell mkdir $(OBJDIR) 2>/dev/null)


# Include the dependency files.
-include $(shell mkdir .dep 2>/dev/null) $(wildcard .dep/*)


# Listing of phony targets.
.PHONY : all begin finish end sizebefore sizeafter gccversion \
build elf hex eep lss sym coff extcoff \
clean clean_list program debug gdb-config

Autor: Antwort (Gast)
Datum:

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Wie sieht denn nun mit angepasstem Makefile der Aufruf von AVRDude aus? 
Ich denke mal das make.exe nicht dieses template verwendet (arbeite 
nicht damit und weiß es daher nicht).

Autor: E7C (Gast)
Datum:

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Der Aufruf sieht wie folgt aus:
avrdude -p atmega8 -P com1 -c stk500v2    -U flash:w:main.hex:a

und als Fehler weiterhin:
avrdude: verifying ...
avrdude: verification error, first mismatch at byte 0x0002
         0x21 != 0xff
avrdude: verification error; content mismatch

avrdude done.  Thank you.

make.exe: *** [program] Error 1

Wie kann ich das denn mit der ISP-Geschwindigkeit einstellen?

Autor: E7C (Gast)
Datum:

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Es geht... Hab den Prameter einfach hinter das :a gemacht... Jetzt 
spuckt er keine Fehler mehr aus...

VIELEN VIELEN DANK für die vorallem mega schnelle Hilfe

Das Forum ist echt der hamma

Autor: Antwort (Gast)
Datum:

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Die ISP Frequenz stellst du wie folgt ein:
- Konsole aufrufen (Startleiste->Ausführe->cmd)
- im Commandfenster dann bei angeschlossenem Programmer foglendes 
eingeben:
avrdude -p atmega8 -P COM1 -c stk500v2 -t
- Du bist nun im Terminal Mode in dem du die mit foglendem Befehl die 
ISP Frequenz einstellen kannst:
fosc <Frequenz>
Ich würde mal
fosc 250k
versuchen, cih denke mald as der atmega8 noch mit internem Oscillator 
läuft.

Autor: Antwort (Gast)
Datum:

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Wunderbar, dann hat sich ja alles gelöst.

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