74xx

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Einleitung[Bearbeiten]

Die 74xx-Serie ist die am weitesten verbreitete Digital-IC-Familie. Das Präfix gibt Auskunft über den verwendbaren Temperaturbereich.

Familie Temperaturbereich [°C] Einsatzgebiet
74 0 bis +70 Standard (engl. commercial)
84 -25 bis +85 Industriell (engl. industrial)
54 -55 bis +125 Militärisch (engl. military)

Baureihen[Bearbeiten]

Eine ausführliche Beschreibung der verschiedenen Logikbaureihen gibt es im Logic Guide von Texas Instruments.

  • TTL (Transistor Transistor Logic, Logik auf Bipolartransistorbasis, veraltet)
    • 74 = TTL
    • 74H = Highspeed TTL
    • 74ALS = Advanced Low Power Schottky TTL
    • 74AS = Advanced Schottky TTL
    • 74F = Fast TTL
    • 74L = Low Power TTL
    • 74LS = Low Power Schottky TTL (Ersatz für 74 und 74L)
    • 74S = Schottky TTL
  • CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor, Feldeffekttransistoren mit gegensätzlicher Polarität)
    • 74AC = Advanced CMOS
    • 74ACT = AC mit TTL-kompatiblen Eingängen
    • 74HC = High Speed CMOS
    • 74HCT = HC mit TTL-kompatiblen Eingängen
    • 74AHC = Advanced High-Speed CMOS
    • 74AHCT = AHC mit TTL-kompatiblen Eingängen
    • 74VHC = Very High Speed CMOS
    • 74VHCT = VHC mit TTL-kompatiblen Eingängen
    • 74LV = Low-Voltage CMOS
    • 74LVC = Low-Voltage CMOS (Vcc 1,65 bis 3,60 Volt, Eingänge sind auch bei niedriger Vcc bis 5,5 Volt tolerant)
    • 74LVX = Low-Voltage CMOS (Vcc 2,00 bis 3,60 Volt, Eingänge sind auch bei niedriger Vcc bis 5,5 Volt tolerant)
  • ECL (Emitter Coupled Logic, Emittergekoppelte Logik)
    • 74ECL
    • 74ECTL
  • Langsame störsichere Logik
    • 74LSL
    • 74SZL
  • BICMOS Bus-Interface-Logik (CMOS und Bipolartechnik kombiniert)

Typen[Bearbeiten]


Typ Pins Elemente Beschreibung Funktion Verwandt
7400 14 4 2 Input NAND NAND 7403 74132 4011 4093 40107
01 14 4 2 Input NAND (OC=Open Collector) NAND
02 14 4 2 Input NOR NOR 4001
03 14 4 2 Input NAND (OC)
Andere Belegung als 7401
NAND 7400 74132 4011 4093 40107
04 14 6 Inverter Inv 7405 7406 7414 4009 4049 4069
05 14 6 Inverter (OC) Inv 7404 7406 7414 4009 4049 4069
06 14 6 Inverter Buffer/Treiber (OC) 30V Inv 7404 7405 7414 4009 4049 4069
07 14 6 Buffer/Treiber (OC) Buffer 74240 74241 74244 74365 74541 4050 40106 4503
08 14 4 2 Input AND AND 4081
09 14 4 2 Input AND (OC) AND
10 14 3 3 Input NAND NAND 4023
11 14 3 3 Input AND AND 4073
12 14 3 3 Input NAND (OC) NAND
13 14 2 4 Input NAND Schmitt-Trigger NAND
14 14 6 Inverter Schmitt-Trigger Inv 7404 7405 7406 4009 4049 4069
15 14 3 3 Input AND (OC) AND
16 14 6 Inverter Treiber (OC)
17 14 6 Treiber (OC)
18 14 2 4 Input NAND Schmitt-Trigger NAND
19 14 6 Inverter Schmitt-Trigger Inv
20 14 2 4 Input NAND NAND 4012
21 14 2 4 Input AND AND 4082
22 14 2 4 Input NAND (OC) NAND
24 14 4 2 Input NAND Schmitt-Trigger NAND
25 14 2 4 Input NOR NOR
26 14 4 2 Input NAND (OC) NAND
27 14 3 3 Input NOR NOR 4025
28 14 4 2 Input NOR NOR
30 14 1 8 Input NAND NAND 4068
31 16 - Verzögerungs-Element (je 2 Non-Inverting, Inverting, 2 Input NAND)
32 14 4 2 Input OR OR 4071
33 14 4 2 Input NOR (OC) NOR
34 14 6 Treiber
35 14 6 Treiber (OC)
36 14 4 2 Input NOR NOR
37 14 4 2 Input NAND NAND
38 14 4 2 Input NAND (OC) NAND
39 14 4 2 Input NAND Treiber (OC) NAND
40 14 2 4 Input NAND NAND
41 16 - BCD -> Decimal Decoder (OC)
42 16 - BCD -> Decimal Decoder
43 16 - Excess-3 -> Decimal Decoder
44 16 - Excess-3-Gray -> Decimal Decoder
45 16 - BCD -> Decimal Decoder (OC)
46 16 - BCD -> 7-Segment Decoder (OC)
47 16 - BCD -> 7-Segment Decoder (OC) 15V Decoder 7448 4056 4511
48 16 - BCD -> 7-Segment Decoder (OC) Decoder 7447 4056 4511
49 14 - BCD -> 7-Segment Decoder (OC)
50 14 - Dual 2-Wide 2-Input AND-OR-INVERT (1 expandable)
51 14 2 AND-OR-INVERT
52 14 ? Expandable AND-OR
53 14 1 Expandable 4-Wide AND-OR-INVERT
54 14 1 3-2-2-3 Input AND-OR-INVERT
55 14 1 2-Wide 4-Input AND-OR-INVERT
72 14 1 And-Gated-JK-MS Flipflop with preset & clear F-F
73 14 2 JK Flipflop with clear F-F 7476 4027
74 14 2 D Flipflop with preset & clear F-F 74175 74273 4013 40174
75 16 - 4-Bit Bistable Latch
76 16 2 JK Flipflop with preset & clear F-F 7473 4027
78 14 2 JK Flipflop F-F
86 14 4 2 Input XOR XOR 74266 4030 4070 4077
90 14 - Decade Counter Counter 74390 4017 4510
92 14 - Divide By-Twelve Counter Counter
93 14 - 4-Bit Binary Counter Counter 74161 74163 74193 74393 4029
95 14 - 4 Bit Parallel Access Shift Register ShiftReg
107 14 2 JK Flipflop with clear
109 16 2 JK Flipflop with preset & clear
112 16 2 JK Flipflop with preset & clear, inverted clock inputs
121 14 - Monostable Multivibrator With Schmitt-Trigger
122 14 - Retriggerable Monostable Multivibrator
123 16 2 Retriggerable Monostable Multivibrator
125 14 4 Tri-State Buffer Interface
126 14 4 Tri-State Buffer Interface
132 14 4 2 Input NAND Schmitt-Trigger NAND 7400 7403 4011 4093 40107
133 16 1 13 Input NAND NAND
136 14 4 2 Input XOR XOR
137 16 1 3-to-8 line decoder / demultiplexer with address latches, low-active outputs Decoder 74138
138 16 1 3-to-8 line decoder / demultiplexer, low-active outputs Decoder 74137
139 16 2 2-to-4 line decoder / demultiplexer, low-active outputs Decoder
146 16 - BCD -> Decimal Decoder (OC)
147 16 - 10-Line -> 4-Line BCD Priority Encoder
148 16 - 8-Line -> 3-Line Priority Encoder
151 16 1 8:1 Multiplexer
154 24 1 4-Line -> 16-Line Decoder/Demultiplexer Decoder 4514
155 16 2 2-Line -> 4-Line Decoder/Demultiplexer
156 16 2 2-Line -> 4-Line Decoder/Demultiplexer (OC)
157 16 4 2:1 Multiplexer, Quad 2-to-1 Line Select Encoder
158 16 4 2:1 Multiplexer , inverted outputs Encoder
161 14 - 8 Bit Serial Shift Register ShiftReg 74164 4014 4015
163 16 - 4-bit Binary Counter Counter 7493 74161 74193 74393 4029
164 14 - 8 Bit Serial Shift Register ShiftReg 74161 4014 4015
165 16 - 8-Bit Parallel -> Serial (PISO) Shift Register
siehe auch AVR-Tutorial: Schieberegister
177 14 - Presetable Binary Counter/Latch
190 16 - Decimal Up/Down Counter
191 16 - 4-Bit Up/Down Binary Converter
192 16 - Decimal Up/Down Counter mit Clear
193 16 2 4-Bit Up/Down Binary Counter mit Clear Counter 7493 74161 74163 74393 4029
194 16 - 4-Bit Bidirectional Universal Shift Register
221 16 2 Monostable Multivibrator with Reset
238 16 1 3-to-8 line decoder / demultiplexer , high-active outputs
239 16 2 2-to-4 line decoder / demultiplexer , high-active outputs
240 20 - 8-bit Tri-State Buffer/Line Driver (invertierend) Interface 7407 74241 74244 74365 74541 4050 40106 4503
241 20 - 8-bit Tri-State Buffer/Line Driver Interface 7407 74240 74244 74365 74541 4050 40106 4503
242 14 - 4-Bit Bus Transceiver (invertierend)
243 14 - 4-Bit Bus Transceiver (nicht invertierend)
244 20 - 8-Bit Tri-State Buffer/Line Driver (nicht invertierend) - Variante: 16244: 16-Bit-Version Interface 7407 74240 74241 74365 74541 4050 40106 4503
245 20 - 8-Bit Bus Transceiver - Variante: 16T245: 16-Bit-Version Interface
251 16 - 8-Bit Input Multiplexer; 3-State
259 16 - 8-Bit Adressable Latch Decoder 4099
260 14 2 5 Input NOR NOR
266 14 4 2 Input Exclusive NOR (OC) XNOR 7486 4030 4070 4077
273 20 8 Octal D-Type Edge-Triggered Flip-Flop with Clear F-F 7474 74175 4013 40174
283 16 - 4-Bit Volladdierer
288 16 - 256-bit PROM
299 20 - 8-Bit Universal Shift Register, Common IO-Pins, 3-State
365 16 1 6-bit Buffer, 3-State Buffer 7407 74240 74241 74244 74541 4050 40106 4503
366 16 6 Tri-State Inverting Buffer
367 16 6 Tri-State Buffer
373 20 - 8-Bit Transparent Latch F-F 74374 74533 74573 74574 4042
374 20 - 8-Bit Positiv Edge Triggerd Register F-F 74373 74533 74573 74574 4042
390 16 2 4-bit Decade Counter Counter 7490 4017 4510
393 14 2 4-Bit Binary Counter Counter 7493 74161 74163 74193 4029
533 20 1 Octal D-type Latch F-F 74373 74374 74573 74574 4042
541 20 - 8-Bit Tri-State Buffer/Line Driver Interface 7407 74240 74241 74244 74365 4050 40106 4503
573 20 - 8-Bit Tri-State D-Type Latch F-F 74373 74374 74533 74574 4042
574 20 8 Tri-State Flipflop F-F 74373 74374 74533 74573 4042
590 16 - 8-Bit binary counter, 3-state output register
595 16 - 8-Bit Serial -> Parallel (SIPO) Shift Register
siehe auch AVR-Tutorial: Schieberegister
4000 14 2 Dual 3-input NOR gates and inverter NOR 7402
4001 14 4 Quad 2-input NOR gates NOR 7402
4002 14 2 4-Input NOR NOR
4009 16 6 Hex inverters with level shifted outputs Inv 7404 7405 7406 7414 4049 4069
4011 14 4 Quad 2-input NAND gates NAND 7400 7403 74132 4093 40107
4012 14 2 Dual 4-input NAND gates NAND 7420
4014 16 1 8-bit parallel-in serial-out (PISO) shift register with three parallel outputs ShiftReg 74161 74164 4015
4015 16 2 Dual 4-bit serial-in parallel-out (SIPO) shift register with asynchronous reset ShiftReg 74161 74164 4014
4016 14 4 Quad analog switches, bilateral 4066
4017 16 2 4-bit asynchronous decade counter with fully decoded outputs, reset and both active high and active low clocks Counter 7490 74390 4510
4018 16 1 5-stage (divide by 2,4,6,8 or 10) Johnson counter with preset inputs Counter 4518
4021 16 1 8-bit parallel-in serial-out (PISO) shift register with asynchronous load input and three parallel outputs ShiftReg 4094
4023 14 3 Triple 3-input NAND gates NAND 7410
4025 14 3 Triple 3-input NOR gates NOR 7427
4030 14 4 Quad 2-input XOR gates XOR 7486 74266 4070 4077
4040 16 1 12-bit asynchronous binary counter with reset Counter
4048 16 1 3-state 8-input multifunction gate
4049 16 6 Hex inverters with high-to-low level shifter inputs Inv 7404 7405 7406 7414 4009 4069
4050 16 6 Hex buffers with high-to-low level shifter inputs Buffer 7407 74240 74241 74244 74365 74541 40106 4503
4051 16 1 8-to-1 line analog multiplexer/demultiplexer with dual power supply
4066 14 4 Quad analog switches, bilateral 4016
4068 14 1 8-input AND/NAND gate with complementary outputs NAND 7430
4069 14 6 Hex inverters Inv 7404 7405 7406 7414 4009 4049
4070 14 4 Quad 2-input XOR gates XOR 7486 74266 4030 4077
4071 14 4 Quad 2-input OR gates OR 7432
4072 14 2 Dual 4-input OR gates OR
4073 14 3 Triple 3-input AND gates AND 7411
4075 14 3 Triple 3-input OR gates OR
4077 14 4 Quad 2-input XNOR gates XNOR 7486 74266 4030 4070
4081 14 4 Quad 2-input AND gates AND 7408
4082 14 2 Dual 4-input AND gates AND 7421
4093 14 4 Quad 2-input NAND gates with schmitt-trigger inputs NAND 7400 7403 74132 4011 40107
40106 14 6 Hex inverters with schmitt-trigger inputs Buffer 7407 74240 74241 74244 74365 74541 4050 4503
40107 14 2 Dual 2-input open-collector NAND gates with buffered output NAND 7400 7403 74132 4011 4093
40174 ? 6 6-bit D flip-flop with reset F-F 7474 74175 74273 4013
4503 16 6 2/4-bit 3-state noninverting buffer/line driver Buffer 7407 74240 74241 74244 74365 74541 4050 40106
4510 16 2 4-bit synchronous decade up/down counter with asynchronous load, reset andripple carry output Counter 7490 74390 4017
4511 16 - BCD to 7-segment latch/decoder/driver Decoder 7447 7448 4056
4512 ? ? 8-to-1 line 3-state data selector/multiplexer with AND inputs Encoder
4518 16 2 Dual 4-bit asynchronous decade counters with reset and both active high andactive low clocks Counter 4018

Siehe auch[Bearbeiten]

Forumsbeitrag: Datumszähler von 2000-2099 aus TTL-Schaltkreisen

Weblinks[Bearbeiten]